How Big Does Dryopteris Goldiana Grow?
Dryopteris Goldiana is a fern that can grow up to six feet in height. It is often found growing on slopes and in damp, shady situations. While it can grow taller, the common size for the fern is about three to four feet tall with a diameter of two inches.
Depending on factors such as light conditions and moisture, some individuals may have plants that are more than ten feet tall. Dryopteris Goldiana reproduces through both sexual reproduction and by vegetative means.
Dryopteris Goldiana spreads quickly by sending out rhizomes that send up small plantlets. These plantlets will unfurl into new fronds, and the cycle begins again.
Dryopteris Goldiana was developed in 1866 by Augustine Henry who crossed the native Asian species Dryopteris affinis and Dryopteris filix-mas, the European Male Fern. It is a cross between two Northern Hemisphere ferns which are of different genera.
Dryopteris Goldiana is a fern specifically from a hybridization between the two species, but not all of the hybrid offspring will be Dryopteris Goldiana.
Dryopteris Goldiana is grown commercially for its ornamental value. It is one of the cheapest and easiest to maintain landscape ferns around.
Though it may look like it has few fronds, it will produce thousands of them during its lifetime. Dryopteris Goldiana makes a good container plant as well as an excellent inclusion in your garden or backyard.
Does Dryopteris Goldiana Flowers?
Dryopteris Goldiana is an unbranched perennial fern with a grey-green trunk, light green evergreen leaves and a light brown short spike of terminal male and female fronds.
In summer Dryopteris Goldiana produces dense clusters of small yellow, greenish or brownish flowers forming a compact spike. The golden brown male florets occur at the tips of the fronds, while the female florets occur at the center of the frond.
Dryopteris Goldiana flowers in midsummer, usually between July and September. At first, only male fronds produce flowers. However, mid-summer the female fronds of the clump also form small clusters of flowers.
Flowers are produced continually for about one month. The seeds should be removed from the dried flower heads before they fall to keep them healthy and viable for use during the next growing season.
Dryopteris Goldiana is very fussy about its soil, sunlight and moisture requirements. It prefers neutral to acid soils, with lots of gravel and leaf mold. Dryopteris Goldiana is tolerant of limey soil. It loves acidic conditions in the spring but will tolerate alkaline soils later in the season.
Will Dryopteris Goldiana Grow In Wet Soil?
Dryopteris Goldiana prefers dry, well-drained soil. But like other ferns, it can tolerate wet soil, although it won’t grow as fast. Good drainage is important to Dryopteris Goldiana, especially if your area gets more than 30 inches of rain per year. As long as the soil remains moist and not soggy, you can keep your fern healthy.
Dryopteris Goldiana will rot if it has wet soil without proper drainage. Keep in mind that this plant is a fern, so it grows with its fronds pointing at the ground. This means that you won’t see the leaves until the fronds begin to unfurl in spring when they are watered and begin to grow.
Avoid overwatering and make sure that your roots are not sitting in water, as this will cause your Dryopteris Goldiana to rot. When you water your plant, make sure to water it from the bottom up so that you do not miss any areas of the root ball.
How Can I Tell When My Dryopteris Goldiana Is Ready To Bloom?
Dryopteris Goldiana branches will begin to unfurl in the mid-summer. New fronds begin as a single leaf that slowly expands into a spike. The new fronds will resemble fiddleheads with their flat bases and wavy edges. They will grow in a spiral, so the center fronds will be smaller than the outer fronds.
The outer fronds will have a wider and longer leaf than the center fronds. After the plant is done flowering, these fronds will die away, but new ones will take their place as long as you are making sure that your plant gets enough light and moisture.
Dryopteris Goldiana produces both male and female flowers on separate plants. Female plants have long, spike-like clusters of green or brown flowers that are darker and appear to be more robust than the male flowers. Male plants produce small yellow flowers on the undersides of their leaves.
The presence of a female flower is not necessary for pollination as most plants flower either male or female, but if you have both sexes, pollination should occur. If you find that your plant is not producing seeds and is dying off at the seedling stage, this means that it needs more light.
Dryopteris Goldiana is a fern, so it requires sunlight to grow. If it is not receiving enough light, it will not produce new fronds and may die. In addition, if your plant is in too much shade, the roots will become water logged and rot.
How Do You Propagate Dryopteris Goldiana?
This can be done by starting with dry fern fronds and popping one whole piece off the fern. Using a sharp kitchen knife, cut off a chunk of fern about 2 inches in diameter.
Discard the base. Then, using your finger or scissors, gently pop out two to three fronds from the center of the chunk so it measures 3-4 inches long. Water thoroughly and place in your shade house until roots develop to at least 1 in. The following are the steps to follow when:
Propagating from seeds;
- Collect the seed heads from Dryopteris Goldiana when they have dried out.
- Place on a paper to dry and then rub off the seeds. The seeds fall off easily and they are then collected. Dry at room temperature until they are completely dry before storing in a small container or envelope, with enough seeds to plant 10-15 plants per envelope.
- Plant the seeds, spaced ½-½ in apart in a good, well-drained medium such as Kelly’s Mix. The seedlings will germinate within 1 to 2 weeks and require little water until they are two to three inches tall.
- After they reach two to three inches tall, they are ready to plant. Remove the largest of the seedlings and place in a plastic bag with a few moistened sphagnum moss balls, covering the whole container. Keep it moist, but not wet condition in some part of your shade house.
Propagating from division;
- Only divide the clump in late summer when the new growth is well-established. You may have to move the whole fern, pot and all, to separate it from the rest of the clump to get a good rootstock.
- The best time is after flowering in autumn when you see new fronds forming. Gently lift up the rootstock and slice a circle around its circumference with a sharp knife, being careful not to damage or drop its terminal tips which contain immature fronds and small roots.
- Divide the plant into small pieces, each with at least one growing point, and replant immediately.
- Place in a cool, moist location out of direct sun. If you live in a warm climate, transplant the newly divided ferns into a bushier growing medium like peaty sand that is kept constantly moist and in partial shade until the new roots have completely established themselves.
- After 2 to 3 weeks, the plants may be planted directly into the ground in an open sunny spot with well-drained soil. Water regularly for about 6 weeks after transplanting to help establish healthy new roots and fronds.
- You will know that the new plants are established and growing when they begin to show new fronds.
- Up to 20 fronds are produced by the clump each year, with the largest growing in new clusters at the ends of the shoots. They can be treated as annuals and will appear every 2 or 3 years.
Is Dryopteris Goldiana Deer Resistant?
Dryopteris Goldiana is normally deer resistant, but any dead fronds that are left around the base of the plant can act as food for deer. You can trim back dead fronds and use the clump as ground cover or mulch in your garden.
However, when Dryopteris Goldiana is grown in containers they need to be kept very well watered and not allowed to dry out completely. Dryopteris Goldiana should be kept well watered during dry periods. The fern can also be grown in an area where deer cannot reach it.
You can use stone or brick edging, low fences or rows of the fern planted 6 to 12 inches apart. If you are planning to grow Dryopteris Goldiana outdoors in cold regions, it is best grown with a mulch of wood chips, leaves or straw.
Divide the fern before growth begins in spring as new ferns will develop from the center of the clump, which will eventually become a symmetrical bush. Divide in early summer, during dry weather, using a sharp knife and a trowel. Replant immediately in partial shade with good drainage, using your favorite potting mix or one-third sand and loam.
Does Dryopteris Goldiana Go Dormant?
Dryopteris Goldiana is a deciduous fern that typically goes dormant in summer. However, if you have a large amount of shade, the fern may grow during the summer, but it will grow slower than most other ferns. It is best to prune your ferns in early spring when the plant starts growing.
Pruning your fern helps increase air circulation and light to the plant. It also helps decrease any future dead areas on the crown of Dryopteris Goldiana. Before you can prune a Dryopteris Goldiana fern, you will have to plant it in an area that has no competition.
The roots of Dryopteris Goldiana are deep and can grow anywhere from one inch to several feet deep. The roots are quite long, therefore make sure you take into account the space between each of your ferns when planning out your garden.