How Do You Care For Aeonium Canariense?

How Do You Care For Aeonium Canariense?

Aeonium canariense “Giant Velvet Rose” thrives in sunny garden beds. It spreads out like a bush as it matures. Hummingbirds are drawn to its blossoms.

The Canary Island Aeonium plant, with its huge thick, velvety leaves that grow in a configuration of green rosettes, can provide a fantastic visual appeal to your succulent gardens.

Light Requirements & Sun Exposure

Aeonium canariense grows best under partial shade. It can withstand some sun, but it must be sheltered during the hottest hours.

This Aeonium plant will not grow or thrive in a fully sunny site where nothing else is growing and may become scorched in the summer heat.

This plant prefers a site with plenty of shade as well as some direct sunlight. Aeonium canariense does not thrive in low light, thus it needs a bright location that is not shaded all day.

A north-facing window or a south-facing porch with partial shade in the midday and some direct sunlight for a few hours every day would be ideal for an Aeonium canariense succulent.

Requirements for Watering

Water Aeonium canariense succulents only when the soil is dry. They’re drought-resistant plants.

They will require a lot of drainage and water when they first arrive, but once they have settled in, you must not overwater them. Water them only until the soil is dry to the touch at least three inches down.

You can test this by using your finger or a screwdriver to get an idea of how much moisture is still in the soil.

If the soil is moist, it is not required to water again until the grounds have dried up for a week or two. Overwatering causes brown tips on the leaves and root rot in Aeonium canariense succulents.

Soil Prerequisites

The Aeonium canariense prefers a well-draining soil mixture with a lot of sand or perlite mixed in. A well-draining succulent soil, sand, and perlite should be used in the potting mix.

The Aeonium canariense requires a potting medium that is permeable enough to allow for water drainage while yet retaining moisture properly. It will decay if left damp for too long, so avoid overwatering this Aeonium type.

Humidity and temperature

Aeonium canariense grows best in temperatures ranging from 64° to 75° Fahrenheit (18° to 24° Celsius). These plants should be kept at a temperature of 65°-70° Fahrenheit (18.33°-21.11 ° Celsius) during the day.

Aeonium canariense tolerates a wide range of humidity conditions ranging from 40% to 80%. For this plant, the typical humidity level would be 60%.

Its humidity requirements may differ based on the habitat in which it dwells. It also has a high drought tolerance, which means you don’t have to water them every week and they’ll still grow wonderfully!


Aeonium canariense does not require much fertilization. During the growing season, you should fertilize this plant at least once a month, but more frequently as it matures.

During the growing season, fertilize using a water-soluble, time-release fertilizer or granular slow-release fertilizer.

You can also use diluted liquid fertilizer at half strength. It’s a popular misperception that Aeonium succulents require a lot of fertilizer to thrive.

This is not the case, therefore avoid over-fertilizing your Aeonium canariense!

What Is Aeonium Canariense?

Canary Island Aeonium (Aeonium canariense). The heads of the Canary Island aeonium are close to the ground, yet the flower spikes can reach a height of 2 feet.

The huge fleshy green broad leaves of the Canary Island aeonium distinguish it. The rosettes on this sun-loving shrub resemble artichoke heads. The succulent leaves turn redder when the plant receives more sunlight. This aeonium blooms in spectacular clusters of little star-shaped flowers.

Aeonium canariense is also known as ‘Mint Saucer Aeonium,’ ‘Giant Velvet Rose,’ and ‘Hens and Chicks Aeonium.’

Aeoniums from the Canary Islands are succulent shrubs that grow huge green rosettes close to the ground. Canary Island aeoniums are distinguished by their huge, spectacular cone-like flower clusters. These flower clusters bloom at the tips of lengthy spikes that can grow up to 2 feet (0.6 m) tall.

How Do You Propagate Aeonium Canariense?

There are several methods for propagating Aeonium canariense succulents. They can be propagated from stem cuttings, offsets, or seeds.

Stem Cuttings

Propagating Aeonium canariense from stem cuttings is a quick and easy way to start a new plant.

  • To propagate stem cuttings, take a cutting from the mother plant by removing a stem section with at least one leaf.
  • Remove all but two fleshy leaves from the Aeonium canariense succulent you’re propagating.
  • Allow the cuttings to callous for a day or two before planting in a well-draining succulent potting soil.
  • Water the stem cutting a couple of times a week to keep the soil moist and prevent it from drying out and dying.
  • Aeonium canariense propagated from a stem cutting should root in a few weeks, but be patient for months because propagation can take time.


When you don’t have a stem cutting of Aeonium canariense, offsets are a great way to propagate a new succulent.

  • To propagate Aeonium canariense succulents from offsets, a new offset should form at the base of a mother plant.
  • To cut it off, use a clean, sharp knife and cut as close to the original Aeonium canariense stem as possible.
  • Allow the section you just removed to callous for a day or two before planting it in a well-draining potting soil mixed with perlite or other water-retaining crystals.
  • It will take time for the newly propagated succulent to develop roots. Still, once they do, it should mature into an adult version of its mother plant, eventually resembling a miniature version of your favorite variety!


The Aeonium canariense plant is also a good candidate for starting from seed.

  • To start a new Aeonium canariense succulent from seed, soak the fresh seeds in water overnight to soften their hard outer coating, or testa.
  • Plant the Aeonium canariense seeds (after they’ve been soaked) in potting soil mixed with perlite or other water-retaining crystals and provide plenty of sunlight.
  • Within six weeks of planting, the newly planted Aeonium canariense should begin to sprout. Even so, propagation can take months, so be patient!

How Do You Prune For Aeonium Canariense?

Pruning Aeonium canariense is a contentious topic. Some argue that they should never be pruned. Others believe they should be done twice a year.

The truth is that Aeoniums are self-pruning plants that will prune themselves if let to develop naturally without interference from the grower.

Pruning should be considered only when Aeoniums grow ill and the roots are about to be suffocated by a mass of dead leaves.

Pruning is best done in late spring or early autumn, before frost has set in.

Because new leaves are an important source of energy for the plant, cutting them early can result in a long inactive period.

To avoid this issue, prune only a few branches at a time and wait until spring before undertaking any additional pruning.

Always use sharp clippers or scissors when cutting Aeonium plants because the tissue inside their stems is exceedingly fragile.

How Do You Repot Aeonium Canariense?

When a succulent outgrows its container, it’s time to repot. The Aeonium canariense plant is no exception.

Purchase a pot that is at least two inches larger than the last one and fill it with succulent-friendly soil mix, such as a blend of peat moss, sand or perlite, and vermiculite.

The technique for repotting an Aeonium canariense begins with releasing the root ball so you have enough room to work around it without injuring any roots.

Remove the Aeonium canariense from the pot with care and gently pry the roots apart with a root hook or your fingers.

If the plant is pot-bound, you may need to remove a piece of its root ball in order for it to fit easily into a larger container.

Before adding any further soil amendments, replant the Aeonium canariense succulent in a new container and thoroughly water it (if needed).

Water a newly repotted plant a few more times over the next week or so to give it time to reestablish its roots in a new container.

What Is Aeonium Canariense Good For?

The Aeonium canariense succulent is an absolutely beautiful houseplant that looks stunning in virtually any room. The Aeonium canariense is not only appealing, but also easy to care for.

They are suitable for indoor environments and can grow indoors in pots and in hanging baskets, on a patio trellis, or along the side of a building. These succulents are hardy perennial plants and once established will be able to thrive in any home with proper care.

Aeonium canariense is also known as ‘Purple Velvet Aeonium’ and ‘Purple Star Aeonium. Aeoniums grow in a range of soils, including clay, loam, sand, or rock gardens. They can also grow in bonsai soil and are considered to work well in large decorative containers.

They do best when planted in a succulent potting mix that drains well and doesn’t hold water like a sponge.

Aeoniums make excellent houseplants and can be grown outdoors as well. They are drought-tolerant plants requiring little care once established.

Is Aeonium Canariense Toxic?

The Aeonium canariense succulent is not poisonous and is considered a non-toxic houseplant.

There are, however, some precautions to take when it comes to handling the plants. Parts of the plant are used as food for animals and insects and many people have been stung by certain species of insects when trying to remove other parts of the plant.

The Aeonium canariense succulent has also been known to cause allergic reactions in some people with sensitive skin, but this is uncommon.

In conclusion, the plant Aeonium canariense ‘Giant Velvet Rose’ is not poisonous to humans or animals. However, as a precaution, gloves should always be used when handling Aeonium canariense ‘Giant Velvet Rose’ plants.

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