How do you care for Euphorbia Ingens candelabra?
Euphorbia ingens, often known as the candelabra tree, is a succulent tree native to South Africa. In the wild, this tropical succulent can grow up to 30 feet tall, with erect branches that are four-angled with wavy ridges and paired spines.
Euphorbia ingens prefers a subtropical savannah environment and cannot handle temperatures below 50 to 54 degrees Fahrenheit, making it suitable for indoor or greenhouse cultivation in most climates. From April to July, the candelabra tree blooms with yellowish-green, clustered flowers with winged petals, followed by spherical, smooth, crimson fruits from August to October.
Place the Euphorbia ingens plant in direct sunshine. Maintain an ambient temperature of roughly 82 degrees Fahrenheit around the facility.
Water the Euphorbia ingens plant once every two to three weeks, moistening the potting mixture completely and ensuring that water drains freely from the bottom of the container. Allow the potting mix to completely dry between waterings.
Euphorbia ingens care guidelines are similar to those for other cacti. It necessitates warmth, sunlight, and well-draining soil. Take care not to over-water.
Soil: Loose, well-draining, lightly rich soil.
Temperature: Can resist temperatures as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit for a brief length of time. In hot weather, it performs admirably.
Watering: Deep watering on occasion. Allow the soil to dry completely between waterings. To determine the moisture level, use a moisture meter or stick your finger into the soil. It is preferable to err on the side of underwatering rather than overwatering.
Sunlight: From full sun to partial shade
How do you treat Euphorbia Ingens?
Though it is not a true cactus (only cacti from America are considered true cacti), its requirements as a succulent plant are the same.
Succulents require bright, dry conditions to grow. South-facing windows that receive all of the sun’s rays are optimal, with east- and west-facing windows a close second. Keeping the cactus happy in a north-facing window will be difficult.
When it comes to watering, Euphorbia ingens has an incredible ability to hold water in its fleshy stems and can go for extended periods without receiving any water at all.
Watering more regularly in the summer, when the temperature is warmer, will encourage new growth, but no more than once every two weeks.
In the winter, you can water your candelabra on occasion, but keep in mind that wet and cold roots are the two things’ cacti despise the most.
If you want to be safe, you can skip watering from the end of October until the beginning of April, as long as your plant isn’t too close to a radiator.
Because candelabra cactus has small root systems, you will rarely need to repot them. It is more likely that you will need to repot your cactus when it gets top-heavy, in order to raise the weight at the plant’s base.
You may do this at any time of year using a well-draining compost or a cactus mix.
Fertilization: In the summer, you’ll need a balanced fertilizer diet. Use a cactus and succulent fertilizer with a high potassium content that includes all micronutrients and trace elements, preferably a slow-release fertilizer.
Wing tolerance: The one disadvantage is that in heavy gusts, the columns frequently collide, resulting in permanent scarring… better to plant in a site where winds are not a major issue.
Exposure: It can handle mild shade, and a plant that has been growing in shade should be gradually hardened off before placing it in full sun, as the plant will be severely burnt if shifted from shade to sun too quickly.
Maintenance: Pruning for shape and branching is an option.
Cultivation and Propagation: Euphorbia ingens is a simple to cultivate species that grows well in any well-drained soil in full sun. Young plants, on the other hand, thrive indoors, where they can reach the ceiling with ease.
Is Euphorbia Ingens a cactus?
No, it’s not.
Candelabra cactus sounds and looks like a cactus, but it is actually a euphorbia. (The distinction is described further down.)
A word about Euphorbias vs. Cacti: Euphorbias, notably Euphorbia ingens, are sometimes misidentified as cacti. The majority of euphorbias are from Africa, while the majority of cacti are from the Americas.
Despite the fact that they are unrelated, they have developed comparable methods of surviving the heat and dryness, therefore the resemblance.
The spines are the easiest way to distinguish between the two. If you examine the Euphorbia ingens closely, you’ll notice that the stems have thorny edges.
If you cut it, white deadly sap can ooze out. When you look at a cactus, you’ll notice that the spines grow separately from the areoles, and you can chop the spines off without injuring the cactus’s stem.
How fast does Euphorbia Ingens grow?
Growing rate: It grows at a relatively fast rate and will swiftly mature into enormous landscape masterpieces in about 3-5 years.
Are Euphorbia Ingens poisonous?
All Euphorbias have a white sap that can irritate the eyes and mucous membranes. If you come into contact with this white sap, avoid touching your face or eyes before washing your hands with soap and water.
The tree’s milky latex is exceedingly toxic, causing blindness, severe skin irritation, and poisoning (when consumed) in people and animals.
However, when utilized correctly, this plant can be used as a purgative or as a medication to treat ulcers. It is even used as a cancer treatment by Venda and Sotho people.
How tall do Euphorbia Ingens grow?
This 6–8-meter-tall succulent tree has green round-like branches that resemble a balloon. It has a robust trunk. Candelabrum stems are 3,5–7,5 centimeters thick and contain 5 ridges. Dark-green segmented shoots young sprouts contain paired spines that are 0.5-2 millimeters long and are frequently reflected.
On the ridges of the highest segment, little greenish yellow blooms bloom. From October until January, the plant blooms. When ripe, a red circular 3-lobed capsule fruit turns purple.
How do you plant Euphorbia Ingens?
Your Candelabra Cactus loves temperatures ranging from 60 to 85 degrees. Make sure the soil is humid before applying any form of plant food—never apply to dry soil.
Fertilizer should be applied to your Candelabra Cactus twice a year, once in the spring and once in the summer. Apply a half-strength solution of an all-purpose liquid plant food.
How do you propagate Euphorbia Ingens?
Candelabra Trees can be propagated through beheading and seeding. This succulent does not require repotting on a regular basis. Of course, when purchased from a store, the first-time repotting is required. In our article, you may learn everything you need to know about How to Repot Succulents.
A well-drained soil mixture, as with all succulents, is required. Check out How to Prepare Well-drained Soil for Succulent Plants to learn more about well-drained soil combinations.
How to Propagate Euphorbia Ingens ‘Candelabra Tree’ Through Beheadings
You can remove the succulent’s head using clean scissors. To be safe, leave a few inches at the root. There should be adequate stem on the cutting. Wait a few days before replanting so that the cutting and the base can dry. Replant the cutting once it has become calloused. When the soil dries out, don’t forget to water it.
How to propagate Euphorbia Ingens ‘Candelabra Tree’ from Seeds
This succulent is a slow grower, therefore even though it may be propagated by seeds, this approach is not recommended. Plant the seeds in a well-draining soil mixture to proliferate. This procedure can be utilized outside. Indoor propagation is advised in cooler climates.
How do you prune Euphorbia Ingens?
If done correctly, it will not kill the plant, but it will scar and then branch over the next few years.
You should prune now, while it is still warm, so that it can mend before your wet and chilly winter. With a pruning saw or a serrated knife, it should be simple to cut.
Because the sap from Euphorbia candelabra is extremely poisonous, wear safety glasses or a full-face protection, chemical resistant gloves, and long sleeves.
You don’t want the sap in your eyes since it can blind you! To stop the “bleeding,” get 3 percent Hydrogen-peroxide from a drugstore, put it in a spray bottle, and liberally spray the cut as soon as you finish cutting.
It will stop the sap from flowing fairly quickly, but keep an eye out for spatter while spraying (a real good reason to wear a face shield).
Is Euphorbia Ingens a succulent?
Yes, it is.
Euphorbia ingens, also known as the candelabra tree, cowboy cactus, and good luck cactus, is a prickly, succulent plant with cactus-like, segmented arms spreading from a single trunk and vivid yellow blossoms on the tops of its branches in late spring.
When should I incubate Euphorbia Ingens?
If your climate permits it. Euphorbia is not a hardy species, and will die off in the winter if you don’t unintentionally overwinter it in a greenhouse for several years.
The plant also needs to be fed regularly, either every two weeks or monthly depending on how much you’re feeding it.
It’s best to incubate a Euphorbia Ingens in the summer, because the soil is warm and moist. However, it’s also wise to wait until after most frosts have passed before you begin fertilizing your plant with a balanced fertilizer.
By waiting until after frosts, you will be able to grow your plant without frost damage.
How do you get Euphorbia Ingens to branch?
You can take a few steps to help your Euphorbia Ingens branch out.
You should set up a nice, sunny window in the room. Branching should occur at each cut spot, as well as in other places of the plant.
You then need to make sure that you keep it moist and mist the plant twice daily with a sprayer on the gun or some water from a bottle that you can push into the soil and hold for a good amount of time (like 10 seconds) before pulling out.
Make sure that you are getting enough water through your plant as well. When you feel like your plant needs more water, try using something like a pebble or something similar to get at least some of your roots wet.
You can also prune the plant.
How do you trim Euphorbia Ingens?
In order to trim the Euphorbia Ingens plant, you need a sharp pair of pruning shears. If there are any twigs, cut them off and then make sure that the roots are completely dry.
You can also remove the dead branches without harming the healthy ones. The procedure of trimming it is easy but you need to be careful with your shears or else you will damage the plant.
- Trim the top of the plant with a sharp pair of scissors.
- Cut off the dead, brown leaves from the center outwards all around the plant, from a few inches below the flower clusters to about 12 inches above them.
- Remove any unsightly brown or dead areas from around and between the branches of plants.