How do you take care for Syzygium malaccense?
The Malay Apple, also known as the Otaheite Apple, is a beautiful evergreen tree that bears edible fruit and is endemic to Malesia and Australia.
It grows to a height of 10 to 15 meters (33 to 50 feet) with a narrow, straight trunk and a low-branching structure that forms a densely foliage pyramidal crown. The bark is smooth and pale brown.
The leaves have a huge oval form with a thick, leathery texture and a length of 15 to 38 cm (6 to 15 in). They are dark glossy green and have a thick, leathery texture.
Flowering occurs after the first rains of the rainy season, which vary in time and frequency according on the region.
Flowering and fruiting may occur after each rainy season event in locations with two rainy seasons per year, while flowering and fruiting is intermittent to continuous in areas with perennially moist weather.
With long pink-red filaments standing erect, the flowers resemble powder puffs. When they’re done, they fall to the ground, leaving a pink-red carpet beneath the tree. A white flowering and fruiting cultivar is also available.
The fruit is pear-shaped and is 5 to 13 cm (2 to 5 in) in length. When mature, it turns crimson to purple-red or white, depending on the type.
The spongy white pulp beneath the thin edible skin is readily scraped away. A single, largish spherical seed is found in each fruit.
Temperature and humidity requirements
Grows naturally in subtropical and tropical lowland climates that are moderately humid to very humid, with annual lows of 19 to 25°C, annual highs of 27 to 35°C, annual rainfall of 1200 to 4000 mm (or more), and a dry season of 4 months or less.
Malay Apple trees may struggle to flourish in regions where the coldest month’s average low is less than 14°C (57°F).
It thrives in wet, free-to-slow-draining acid to slightly alkaline clay and loam soils with a pH of 4.5 to 7.5, and on sites with full to partial sun exposure.
Fertilize sparingly ten inches out from the base, tri-annually using a slow time released product to help establish your new Malay Apple Tree.
They will grow at a slower rate if they are not fertilized. The excessive salts in inexpensive fertilizers will harm the plant’s roots and may even kill it. It’s wise to stick with a brand you’re familiar with.
The Malay Apple can withstand slightly saline soil and sporadic wet periods, but it is not a plant that likes prolonged periods of waterlogging.
It prefers a light stratum of fertile, loamy topsoil. Over-watering can lead to rotting fruit and rot in the roots if it becomes too wet.
What are the medical uses of Syzygium malaccense?
The leaves and bark of the tree have been proven to have antibacterial activity, the bark is astringent, and the plant is somewhat hypoglycaemic.
The plant is astringent and contains tannins.
The bark, leaves, and roots of the Malay apple are used to treat a variety of diseases.
Tuberculosis, oral infections, stomach aches, and gastrointestinal disorders are all treated with an infusion of the bark.
Children’s mouth sores are treated with the bark. It’s also used to treat sexual illnesses and as a purgative.
Red eyes are treated with the leaves. A decoction of the leaves is applied to skin diseases as a wash.
Other conditions treated with this plant include cough, yellow urine, and a loss of appetite; as a treatment for deep bone pains, diabetes, gonorrhoea, swollen stomach after childbirth, sore throat, thrush, bronchitis, and constipation; and as a remedy for deep bone pains, diabetes, gonorrhoea, swollen stomach after childbirth, sore throat, thrush, bronchitis,
How do you propagate Syzygium malaccense?
The seeds of the Malay apple germinate quickly. Many sprout beneath the tree on the ground.
Superior types are multiplied by budding onto their own seedlings, which is more common than seed propagation.
In Hawaii, air-layering was successful, and cuttings were rooted in sand. In nurseries or immediately in the field, seeds are planted no more than 1 1/2 in (4 cm) deep.
They germinate in 2 to 4 weeks, and seedlings are transplanted to the field at 8 months if grown in nurseries. After 6 weeks of roots, cuttings are ready to be transplanted.
Seed propagation is very common. Seeds can sometimes fail to germinate. Seeds lose their viability quickly and should be sown as soon as possible after being removed from the fruit.
It is not difficult to propagate a clone using air layers, cuttings, or budding. In South-East Asia, air layering is a prevalent practice. For budding, the modified Forkert technique is advised.
What is the uses of Syzygium malaccense?
The ripe fruit is eaten raw. The flesh is crisp and white, and the skin is thin. The somewhat sweet flavour is light and refreshing, and it adds crunch to a mixed fruit salad.
The half-ripened fruit can be pickled, but it is not suitable for jams or jellies. Southeast Asia is known for its strongly spiced pickled or preserved slices and sauces. In Puerto Rico, the fruit is used to make wine. 6
The blooms are consumed in salads or preserved in sirup in Indonesia. Young leaves and shoots are eaten raw with rice or cooked and eaten as greens before turning green.
Is Syzygium malaccense safe?
Syzygium fruit has been used in traditional medicine with no serious side effects as of 2009.
In modern practice, it is not recommended for children or pregnant women.
A study of the toxicity of Malay Apple methanolic extract found that the fruit extracts were safe at doses up to 75 milligrams per kilogram. The leaves had higher levels of cyanide, but were still safe at the same dose.
Mountain apples are an edible fruit that can be eaten when they are mature and raw.
The Malay apple is used to manufacture wines in Puerto Rico, and the fruits are eaten in Hawai’i in the same way as a Pacific Northwest apple is.
The tree’s blooms are eaten in salads in Indonesia, while the skin of the mountain apple is cooked down to form a syrup in Guyana.
Is Syzygium malaccense toxic?
At modest concentrations, ethanolic leaf extract of S. malaccense is not harmful to the liver, according to our research.
The mean lethal dosage is frequently used to determine acute toxicity.
The plant has been used as a traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments in South East Asia and as a food additive in cooking.
There are no toxic effects for adults when the fruit or leaves are eaten in moderation, but it is not recommended for children or pregnant women.
The fruit is small and round—about the size of an orange—and is usually yellow or green when ripe, though it can also be red or purple.
Where can I plant Syzygium malaccense?
In home gardens, this species is grown as a fruit tree. Because it demands a constant supply of water, it is frequently planted near streams and ponds.
This species thrives in heavy, well-draining, but moist soils. Trees should be 6 to 8 meters apart. After collecting the fruits, fertilize with a compound fertilizer.
Seed, budding, air layering, grafting, and stem cuttings are all methods of propagation. Seeds are commonly utilized for propagation.
Is Syzygium malaccense a perennial?
Syzygium malaccense is a blooming tree that is endemic to Malesia and Australia.
It is one among the plants cultivated by Austronesian peoples from prehistoric times.
They were purposefully transported and planted to Remote Oceania as canoe plants.
It has now spread across the tropics, including numerous Caribbean nations and territories.
There are several English common names for Syzygium malaccense. It is also known as a Malay rose apple, mountain apple, rose apple, Otaheite apple, pink satin-ash, plumrose, and pommerac (derived from pomme Malac, meaning “Malayan apple” in French).
Despite the fact that it is frequently referred to as the otaheite cashew, it is unrelated to cashew.
Does Syzygium malaccense flower?
Blooms: Reddish pink, pom-pom shaped flowers (5 – 7 cm wide) are grouped in clusters of 1 – 12 on leafless stems.
Berries are fleshy, ellipsoid fruits (5 – 8 cm broad) that are often dark red with white or pink streaks, but can also be colourless or yellowish.
It blooms in early summer and bears fruit three months later. It blooms sooner in Costa Rica, having ripe fruit in April. Coffee farmers employ the species to deter birds while also providing shade.
Should I mist Syzygium malaccense?
Mountain apples are deciduous tropical trees that grow in lowland rainforests. They flower in the early summer, bearing fruit three months later.
Trees are short and broad, 3 to 7 meters high and 3 to 6 meters wide. The bark is grey-brown and smooth. The leaves are shiny, stiff and leathery, with finely serrated edges that are 12 to 25 centimeters long.
Misting is still a good idea. If you forgot to water it, mist it immediately with a much diluted fungicide solution of 1 Oz to 50 gallons of water. If it is in a pot, move the pot to an open area and dry it out.
If you forget to keep the tree watered and start drooping, take care of those roots you can dig the roots up and just replant the tree in new soil if needed.
What type of soil do Syzygium malaccense needs?
The tree thrives in a variety of soil conditions, from sand to thick clay. It tolerates moderately acidic soil but reacts negatively to severely alkaline conditions.
It thrives on the sides of ponds, lakes, and streams in India, where there is adequate drainage and no stagnant water. It is said to be one of the first trees to emerge from fresh lava flows in Hawaii.
A tree with deep roots is more apt to survive in flood conditions. It can be planted on the banks of swift-moving rivers and streams where soil erosion is a concern.