How Do You Propagate Shishi Gashira Camellia?
How Do You Propagate Shishi Gashira Camellia?
Shishi Gashira Camellia can be propagated by seeds and stem cuttings in spring and summer. When propagating by seed, sow the seeds in moist, well-drained, sandy soil. Cover with a thin layer of sand and water thoroughly.
Place in a sheltered position and keep in partial shade until seeds germinate (usually takes one to two months). Prick the young seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle (usually when they have developed their first true leaf). You should expect to get about 35 – 45 seedlings per pot.
Determine the number of pots required for growing your Shishi Gashira Camellia. To calculate the number of pots you need, multiply the length and width of your container times 2.
Then divide this number by 3 and 150 as these are your container’s minimum and maximum dimensions in millimeters. The result is the number of pots you will require. Water during dry periods, but avoid over-watering at all times, as this encourages disease.
When propagating by stem cuttings, use semi-ripe cuttings or young stem cuttings that are less than 6″ long. Cuttings will take root quickly when they are placed in slightly moist, sandy peat. Remove any damaged or broken roots before planting to prevent disease.
Place the rooted cutting into a pot and place the plant substrate into a tray filled with sand or peat moss, covering it securely with the top of the container so that all the soil just covers the bottom of the pot.
Water regularly using a low-volume setting and apply only enough fertilizer to grow your plant, but not overly leggy. The following are the steps to follow when propagating Shishi Gashira Camellia:
Propagation by stem cuttings;
- Select a healthy stem cutting with at least 6 leaves.
- Make a sharp cut at the base of the cutting, about 3mm above soil level.
- Stick the cutting into a potting mix, leaving 5-10 cm of the tip above soil level; if necessary, add soil to the pot to ensure it is deep enough.
- Securely cover the pot with its lid and position it in a cool, dark area until roots develop (generally takes one month). Keep well-watered at all times, but not over-watered, as this encourages disease to develop on your Shishi Gashira Camellia leaves.
- After one month, gently try to bend the cutting to see if it has rooted; if it has rooted securely, you can remove and transfer the cutting into a pot. However, if the roots are not fully developed and thick enough to hold the stem upright by itself yet, you need to leave the cutting in place for an additional month.
- After rooting has occurred, lightly feed your Shishi Gashira Camellia with a dilute fertilizer solution (half of what is usually recommended on fertilizer labels) using a “dribble” type feeder; this helps to stimulate root fusion and increases branching.
- After one month, remove the cutting from the pot and transfer it into a new potting mix. Put the plant in a cool, dark area and continue to feed your Shishi Gashira Camellia with liquid fertilizer until you are sure that there is no sign of disease on your plant’s leaves.
Propagation by seed;
- Select a healthy seed with at least five fully-formed true leaves.
- Make a small, horizontal cut at the base of the seed and carefully remove it from its capsule; do not break or damage the seed.
- Place the seed into a small container and stir in just enough topsoil to cover it up to 3mm.
- Place this filled container in a small pot, leaving the tip of the stem above soil level (if needed, add some more soil). Fill with water so that this level is slightly above the area where you will be adding your sand or peat moss; you should have about 5 cm of space between both surfaces. Add more sand or peat if necessary to ensure that your root ball is fully covered.
- Place the pot into a larger container of soil and make sure that the soil is firmly packed down. Leave your Shishi Gashira Camellia in this position for two weeks (until you see some roots) with water and fertilize when needed. After two weeks, carefully remove your seedling from its substrate and place it into a small pot of soil.
- Place the seed on the surface of its soil, keeping it moist at all times until it has at least four leaves; these are now ready to plant out in individual pots!
- If your Shishi Gashira Camellia is a seedling, gently remove the extra leaves; if it is an adult, leave them intact. The extra leaves will serve as a support to help your plant develop into a tree-like shape.
- Water regularly with a low-volume setting and apply only enough fertilizer to grow your plant, but not overly leggy; also apply a dilute fertilizer solution using the “dribble” method.
- After one month, repot your plant into its final container with fresh soil. Continue to feed it with liquid fertilizer until you are sure that there is no sign of disease on your plant’s leaves (usually after 6 months).
How Do You Care For A Shishi Gashira Camellia?
Shishi Gashira Camellia is relatively easy to care for and requires little maintenance. Shishi Gashira Camellia is a slow-growing shrub that grows well in USDA hardiness zones 7–10. Shishi Gashira Camellia thrives in partial shade (morning sun and dappled afternoon shadow are good circumstances) with protection from the intense afternoon sun.
This is especially true for young plants that flourish in the shade of large trees or on the north side of a home. Shishi Gashira Camellia demand well-drained, acidic soil with a pH of 5.0 to 6.5. Using a commercial mix for rhododendrons, azaleas, or camellias is the simplest approach to supply a proper growing medium.
Shishi Gashira Camellia like thorough watering twice a week rather than superficial watering daily. This is partly because Shishi Gashira Camellia prefers damp soil over wet soil.
Giving the soil a good soak keeps it wet for a longer period in surrounding your Shishi Gashira Camellia. The following are the factors to consider when caring for Shishi Gashira Camellia:
Shishi Gashira Camellia can survive in various conditions, including partial shade and full sun. It needs at least dappled shade. Although Shishi Gashira Camellia can tolerate dappled morning sun, it best thrives in partial shade.
If your Shishi Gashira Camellia planter is not getting enough sunlight, consider boosting its light exposure with artificial lighting throughout the winter months. You should also make sure the plant gets plenty of water throughout the year, especially if it’s in a dry location.
Shishi Gashira Camellia needs thorough watering two to three times a week. Do not overwater as too much watering can cause rot and disease. Shishi Gashira Camellia that are grown in containers with heavy clay soil may require more frequent watering therefore, an adjusted potting mix may be necessary.
Shishi Gashira Camellia does well with slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5.0 to 6.5. Use a soil for rhododendrons, azaleas, and camellias mix that has been tested for acidity in the temperature range of 5.0 – 6.5 (pH meter needed).
The ideal growing media for Shishi Gashira Camellia is the same as that used in container gardening: peat moss or seed-starting mix, in small amounts and worked into the soil thoroughly so that it becomes uniformly distributed throughout the container.
Shishi Gashira Camellia does not require a great deal of fertilizer. Fertilize twice a month using a liquid fertilizer at half the recommended strength. Shishi Gashira Camellia grown in containers can be fertilized every other week at full strength.
Applying fertilizer regularly is important for Shishi Gashira Camellia, but supplemental feeding with liquid fertilizers is recommended only when necessary since over-fertilizing can result in leaf and stem scorch (due to high levels of iron, nitrogen, and phosphorus), which lowers the amount of light your plant receives thereby decreasing bloom.
Shishi Gashira Camellia tolerates a temperature range for its growth of 18 – 25 ℃. The optimum temperature is about 20 ℃. If grown in a frost-free location, then the roots of your Shishi Gashira Camellia will not survive the winter and suffer from winter damage.
Protect the roots by preventing your plant from being exposed to temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) during cold spells. To protect your plant during cold spells, you must provide heat in the form of supplemental lighting or a greenhouse or cold frame; if necessary, you can also move it indoors.
Shishi Gashira Camellia does not tolerate extreme humidity. Relative humidity should be 70-80% during the summer and 60-70% during the winter. The humidifier should be placed in a sunny location where the temperature is not too hot or too cold.
During the winter, the humidifier should be kept on during the day and off at night. During the summer, it can be left on all year round to maintain adequate humidity levels.
Shishi Gashira Camellia can be propagated by seeds and stem cuttings in the spring and summer. Mature seeds can be collected and can be germinated to produce a Shishi Gashira Camellia from seed.
Sow the seed in an acidic mixture of peat moss and sand, and keep the potting medium barely moist until the seed germinates — this may take up to two months.
During propagation by stem cutting, you are attempting to grow a new plant from an existing plant (which is called a parent). The most commonly used method for producing new plants from old ones is carefully removing a branch with some leaves intact from an existing shrub.
Shishi Gashira Camellia can be repotted in the fall or early spring when there is minimum danger of frost. Repotting is necessary if your Shishi Gashira Camellia outgrows its container — this usually happens every 2 to 3 years.
Even though Shishi Gashira Camellia can be repotted at any time of the year, avoid repotting it during winter and early spring dormancy since this will slow down its growth (spring repotting is recommended because camellias tend to go dormant during that season).
During repotting, remove about one-third of the root mass for potting purposes. Water sparingly after transplanting until new roots develop and begin to fill the pot, then resume regular watering.
Shishi Gashira Camellia needs to be pruned properly to vigor, and flower and maintain a nice appearance. Pruning is usually done in late winter but can also be done in early spring.
You should prune Shishi Gashira Camellia only if there are damaged or diseased branches that need to be removed. Over-pruning can result in the loss of flowers and reduce the number of buds you will have come springtime.
When pruning your camellia bush, always start by removing dead or diseased branches — these should be removed immediately before they have a chance to infect other parts of the plant with the disease.
Pests and Diseases:
Shishi Gashira Camellia is susceptible to several problems. One of the most common diseases is powdery mildew, which appears as white spots on the underside of the leaves. Powdery mildew is usually spread by weather conditions or contact with infected plants.
The best way to avoid powdery mildew is by avoiding infected plants and using clean tools when pruning and propagating Shishi Gashira Camellia. Other pests of Shishi Gashira Camellia include aphids, scale insects, whiteflies, and spider mites.