Syngonium Auritum

Syngonium Auritum: Growing and Caring for the Arrowhead Plant

Welcome to my guide on growing and caring for Syngonium Auritum, also known as the Arrowhead Plant. This versatile houseplant, belonging to the Araceae family, is loved for its beautiful foliage and easy-care nature. With arrow-shaped leaves that come in various colors and patterns, it’s a perfect addition to any indoor space.

In this comprehensive article, I will provide you with all the necessary information to ensure your Syngonium Auritum thrives. From choosing the right variety to understanding its growing conditions, pruning and propagation techniques, common pests and diseases, to winter care, you’ll find everything you need to know right here.

So let’s dive in and explore the fascinating world of Syngonium Auritum and discover how to give it the best care it deserves.

Key Takeaways

  • Syngonium Auritum, also known as the Arrowhead Plant, is a versatile and easy-care houseplant.
  • Choose from a variety of Syngonium Auritum varieties based on your personal preference.
  • Provide medium to bright indirect light for optimal growth, avoiding direct sunlight.
  • Water the plant when the top half of the soil is dry, avoiding overwatering.
  • Regular pruning and propagation can help maintain plant shape and promote growth.

Varieties of Syngonium Auritum

Syngonium Auritum, also known as the Arrowhead Plant or Arrowhead Vine, is a versatile houseplant that offers a wide range of varieties. Each variety has its own unique leaf colors, patterns, and growth habits, allowing you to choose the perfect one for your indoor space. Let’s explore some popular varieties of Syngonium Auritum and their characteristics:

Allusion Series

The Allusion series of Syngonium Auritum is popular for its compact growth habit. These varieties stay relatively small, making them ideal for small apartments or limited spaces. The Allusion series typically has arrow-shaped leaves with a mix of green and white variegation, adding a touch of elegance to any room.

White Butterfly

The White Butterfly variety of Syngonium Auritum has a spreading growth habit, creating a lush and full appearance. This variety is named after its unique white butterfly-shaped leaves, which feature dark green veins that add contrast and visual interest. White Butterfly is an excellent choice for hanging baskets or as a trailing plant on shelves and bookcases.

Bold Allusion, Cream Allusion, Exotic Allusion, and Pink Splash

If you’re looking for a variety of Syngonium Auritum with extraordinary leaf colors and patterns, the Bold Allusion, Cream Allusion, Exotic Allusion, and Pink Splash varieties are perfect choices. These varieties offer a range of colors, from deep green with bold red veins to creamy white with pink splotches. Adding these varieties to your collection will bring a vibrant pop of color and an element of surprise to your indoor garden.

When caring for Syngonium Auritum, remember to choose a variety that matches your preferences and meets your specific care requirements. Each variety may have slightly different needs in terms of light, water, and temperature, so be sure to provide the optimal conditions for your chosen variety to thrive.

Growing Conditions for Syngonium Auritum

Syngonium Auritum, also known as the Arrowhead Plant, is an excellent choice for indoor gardening due to its adaptability to various growing conditions. To ensure the health and vitality of your Syngonium Auritum, it’s crucial to provide the right environment and care.


Syngonium Auritum thrives in medium to bright indirect light. Place it near a window with filtered sunlight or in a well-lit room. However, direct sunlight should be avoided as it can scorch the leaves. If you don’t have access to bright light, the plant can tolerate lower light conditions, but its growth may be slower.


The watering requirements of Syngonium Auritum are fairly simple. Allow the top half of the soil to dry out before watering the plant. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s important to avoid letting the plant sit in water. On the other hand, underwatering can cause the leaves to turn yellow or brown. Find the right balance and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

Soil and Fertilizer:

It’s recommended to use well-draining potting soil for Syngonium Auritum. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and regular potting soil works well. The plant benefits from regular fertilization during the growing season. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer and follow the package instructions for dosage and frequency.

Temperature and Humidity:

Syngonium Auritum prefers temperatures between 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit (15-26 degrees Celsius). It can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but should be protected from drafts and cold air. The plant thrives in average household humidity but benefits from higher humidity levels. Increase humidity by placing the pot on a pebble tray filled with water or using a humidifier.

Light Watering Soil and Fertilizer Temperature and Humidity
Medium to bright indirect light Water when top half of the soil is dry, avoid overwatering Well-draining potting soil, regular fertilization during the growing season 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit, average household humidity

By providing the right growing conditions, your Syngonium Auritum will thrive and reward you with its beautiful foliage. Remember to adjust care based on the specific needs of your plant’s variety and monitor its growth for any signs of stress or nutrient deficiencies.

Pruning and Propagation of Syngonium Auritum

Pruning plays a crucial role in maintaining the shape and promoting healthy growth of Syngonium Auritum. To effectively prune this houseplant, start by removing any dying or damaged foliage. This will not only improve its overall appearance but also stimulate new growth near the base of the plant. Regular pruning helps maintain a compact and bushy shape, making it an ideal choice for indoor spaces.

Propagation of Syngonium Auritum is relatively simple and can be done through stem cuttings. Begin by selecting a healthy stem that has at least two or three nodes. Make a clean cut just below a node, ensuring the cutting is about 4-6 inches long. Remove any lower leaves, leaving only a few at the top. Place the cutting in a container of water, ensuring the nodes are submerged. Change the water every few days to prevent stagnation and promote root development.

Once the roots have developed, usually in about 2-3 weeks, it’s time to transfer the cutting into soil. Use a well-draining potting mix and create a small hole for the cutting. Gently place the roots into the hole and cover them with soil, making sure the cutting remains upright. Water the newly potted cutting thoroughly and place it in a location with bright indirect light. Keep the soil evenly moist and avoid overwatering to prevent root rot. With proper care and patience, your Syngonium Auritum cutting will grow into a beautiful, independent plant.

Propagation Method Recommended Time Success Rate
Stem Cuttings in Water Spring or Summer High
Division Spring Moderate
Air Layering Spring or Summer Low

Common Pests and Diseases of Syngonium Auritum

Syngonium Auritum, like any other houseplant, can be susceptible to pests and diseases. It’s essential to be vigilant and take proactive measures to ensure the health and wellbeing of your plant. Here are some common pests you may encounter when caring for Syngonium Auritum:

  • Spider Mites: These tiny pests can cause damage by sucking sap from the leaves, resulting in yellowing and wilting. Regularly inspect the undersides of the leaves for any signs of webbing or tiny specks.
  • Mealybugs: Mealybugs are small, white, cottony insects that cluster in protected areas of the plant, such as leaf axils and leaf bases. They can weaken the plant by feeding on its sap. Carefully inspect your plant for any white, fuzzy patches.
  • Aphids: Aphids are small insects that can quickly multiply and infest the leaves and stems of Syngonium Auritum. They feed on plant sap and can cause leaf curling and distortion. Look out for clusters of tiny insects on your plant.
  • Scale Insects: Scale insects are small, immobile pests that attach themselves to the leaves and stems of the plant. They can cause yellowing, stunted growth, and leaf drop. Examine your plant for small, raised bumps on the foliage.

To control these pests, you can use organic methods such as spraying your plant with a solution of neem oil and water or wiping the affected areas with a cotton swab soaked in rubbing alcohol.

In addition to pests, Syngonium Auritum can also be susceptible to certain diseases. Here are some common diseases you may encounter:

  • Powdery Mildew: Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that appears as white, powdery patches on the leaves. It thrives in humid conditions and can stunt the growth of your plant. Ensure good air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent this disease.
  • Fungal Leaf Spots: Fungal leaf spots can appear as dark, water-soaked lesions on the leaves. They are caused by various fungi and can spread quickly if not addressed. Remove any affected leaves and ensure proper watering practices to prevent the spread of this disease.

Cleaning the leaves of your Syngonium Auritum regularly can help prevent the buildup of dust and potential pest infestations. Additionally, maintaining proper watering practices, providing adequate sunlight, and ensuring good air circulation can contribute to the overall health and disease resistance of your plant.

Syngonium Auritum care

Winter Care for Syngonium Auritum

During the winter months, proper care is essential for ensuring the health and survival of your Syngonium Auritum, also known as the Arrowhead Plant. As the plant enters a dormant growth phase, its watering needs and environmental conditions change. Here are some key tips to keep your Syngonium Auritum thriving during the colder months:

Reduce Watering Frequency:

As the plant’s growth slows down, it requires less water. Reduce the frequency of watering and only water when the top layer of soil has become dry. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it is crucial to avoid excessive moisture during the winter.

Protect from Cold Temperatures:

Syngonium Auritum prefers temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. It is important to keep the plant away from drafts and cold temperatures. Placing it in a well-insulated area or using a plant cover can provide the necessary protection.

Provide Adequate Humidity:

During winter, the air tends to be drier, which can affect the health of your Arrowhead Plant. Syngonium Auritum thrives in a humid environment, so it’s crucial to provide adequate humidity. You can achieve this by placing the plant in a well-ventilated area or using a humidifier to maintain the desired moisture levels.

By following these winter care tips, you can ensure that your Syngonium Auritum remains healthy and vibrant even during the colder months. Remember to adjust your watering schedule, protect it from cold temperatures, and provide adequate humidity. With proper care, your Arrowhead Plant will continue to beautify your indoor space all year round.


How often should I water Syngonium Auritum?

Water the plant when the top half of the soil is dry. Avoid overwatering to prevent root rot.

What kind of light does Syngonium Auritum prefer?

Syngonium Auritum prefers medium to bright indirect light. It can tolerate low light environments but should be kept away from direct sunlight to avoid leaf scorching.

How should I prune Syngonium Auritum?

Pruning should involve removing any dying or damaged foliage and promoting new growth near the base of the plant. This helps maintain the plant’s shape and encourages fuller growth.

How can I propagate Syngonium Auritum?

Syngonium Auritum can be propagated through stem cuttings. Place the cuttings in water until they develop roots and then transfer them to soil. Please check the patent status before propagating patented plants.

What pests and diseases should I watch out for when caring for Syngonium Auritum?

Common pests include spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, and scale. Regular inspection and treatment with neem oil can help control these pests. Additionally, overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can result in yellow or brown leaves. Regularly clean the leaves to prevent dust buildup and remove any affected leaves to prevent the spread of diseases like powdery mildew and fungal leaf spots.

How should I care for Syngonium Auritum during winter?

During winter, reduce watering frequency and only water when the soil has become dry. Protect the plant from drafts and cold temperatures, keeping it in an area with temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Provide adequate humidity through natural means or by using a humidifier to ensure the plant’s health and survival during the colder months.

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