What Is Agave Victoriae-Reginae?

What Is Agave Victoriae-Reginae?

Agave victoriae-reginae, often known as the Queen Victoria agave or royal agave, is a tiny type of succulent blooming perennial plant that is renowned as an ornamental due to its white streaks on sculptured geometrical leaves.

This agave’s morphology is quite diverse, but in general, the rosettes are tiny and compact, growing to 0.5m and made of short, inflexible, thick green leaves with a pattern of striking white patterns.

The marks are usually seen around the keels or borders of the leaves, giving them a polyhedral look.

Marginal teeth are normally absent, although the leaf’s tip may have one to three 1.5-3 cm long spines. Cream-colored blooms grow in upright racemes up to 4m long.

Where Is Agave Victoriae-Reginae Native To?

The Chihuahuan Desert in the Mexican states of Coahuila, Durango, and Nuevo León is home to A. victoriae-reginae, which has a half-dozen subspecies.

Hybrids with a variety of different agave species complicate matters. Although it confronts certain local risks, the species’ population as a whole is steady, and the IUCN does not consider it vulnerable.

It grows mostly in calcareous soil in a desert or semi-arid environment and is abundant on the canyon walls’ steep slopes and near vertical cliffs, where it forms enormous colonies.

It is frequently connected with Hechtia sp., a genus of bromeliads that we frequently observed growing beside cactus.

While Agave victoria-reginae is still considered endangered in its natural environment, it has grown quite popular in cultivation.

Is Agave Victoriae-Reginae Hardy?

As far as agaves go, it is cold-hardy, therefore it is popular as a little accent plant in many northern gardens.

In the UK, however, it is suggested that this plant be kept in warm circumstances under glass over the winter. It was awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Garden Merit Award.

When cultivated as a houseplant, it prefers highly porous, sandy soil and direct sunshine or strong shade.

Allowing the soil to dry between waterings is recommended. The plant only has to be repotted every two to three years.

Because the plant rarely develops basal branches, it is usually propagated by seed.

Is Agave Victoriae-Reginae Easy To Care For?

The Agave Victoriae-reginae requires full light when planted outside.

It will require shade from the hot afternoon heat to avoid scorching.

When put on a sunny windowsill, it may readily grow within. This plant has the potential to be the show-stopper that the garden need.

Agave Victoriae-reginae can withstand drought. However, if it is raining heavily, consider taking it inside.

The plant prefers light, well-drained soil. The soil must have a significant amount of grit.

Watering the plant many times each week is advised in hot, dry areas.

Because the succulent remains dormant in the winter, it requires little to no water.

Is Agave Victoriae-Reginae A Slow-Grower?

The Agavaceae family includes the little succulent Agave Victoriae-reginae.

It is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11, and H2 in the UK.

As a result, while it is resistant of temperatures below freezing, it is preferable not to grow in areas of heavy frost.

It is a slow-growing plant that grows into a tiny clump approximately 30 cm (1 foot) tall and 45 cm (18 inches) wide.

The plant only blossoms once in its existence, when it is nearing the end of its life. It is distinguished by the white lines that border the dark green spiky leaves.

The plant will produce a long spike up to 4.5 m tall (15 feet). At the end of the spike, fragrant flower clusters that are reddish-purple will form.

How Do You Care For Agave Victoriae-Reginae?

The Queen Victoria agave (Agave victoriae-reginae) is a popular succulent plant found in Mexico’s mountainous canyons of Coahuila, Durango, and Nuevo Leon.

It is one of the most valuable Agave species in gardening. This species has produced a plethora of hybrids and subspecies, some identified and many nameless. Cultivars are frequently used to change the white variegation.

Despite its attractiveness, it is rather simple to care for. It needs the following to do well;

Light Requirements

The Queen Victoria agave, like other succulents, prefers full sun exposure. It may, however, work nicely in moderate mild shade if necessary.

Depending on where you live, you may want to shield it from the afternoon sun; direct sunlight can cause sunburn in indoor plants.

Watering Requirements

From spring until autumn, water thoroughly, but only when the soil feels entirely dry to the touch. Overwatering will destroy this succulent rapidly.

Winter irrigation should be reduced. To aid quick drainage, use a porous mix and drill holes in the container.

Temperature Requirements

The capacity of this succulent to thrive in harsh environments contributes to its popularity. As is typical of deserts, it must contend with temperatures ranging from below freezing to blistering hot. Houseplants aren’t quite as tough, but they do share some of the same tenacity. Temperatures between 50- and 70-degrees Fahrenheit are ideal.

Humidity Requirements

Agave victoriae-reginae is native to dry, arid mountains. The Queen Victoria agave will live in dry environments.

The Queen Victoria agave can thrive in either low humidity. This Agave, like other succulents, does not like dampness. Actually, the drier the better. Normal room moisture levels are typically OK.

Fertilizer Requirements

Fertilize during the growing season (spring through autumn) with a succulent or cactus fertilizer diluted to half strength.

Don’t overfeed; once every other month is plenty. Our Agave victoriae-reginae does not require fertilization; however, if you want to stimulate quicker development, fertilize once a month throughout the spring and summer growing seasons.

Soil Requirements

Because it is a succulent, it requires well-draining soil that is also permeable.

The optimum soil for reginae agave victoriae should be light, airy, and succulently well drained.

Grit should be used in large quantities in the soil mixture. A mixture of roughly 50% compost, potting soil, or garden soil and 50% sharp sand, pumice, grit, and/or gravel is good.

What Are The Queen Victoria Cultivars Agave?

There are three cultivars of Agave victoriae-reginae and these are;

  1. Agave victoriae-reginae ‘Albomarginata’: The leaves have a white margin.
  2. Agave victoriae-reginae ‘Golden Princess’: the leaves have golden variegation.
  3. Agave victoriae-reginae ‘Sharkskin Shoes’: This plant has evenly green leaves that look like shark fins.

How Do You Propagate Agave Victoriae-Reginae?

It reproduces by seeds or suckers that form at the base of the stems in the spring. Plant them in evenly damp soil, water them occasionally, and maintain them in filtered sunshine until they grow.

Offset Propagation

Removing offsets or little “pups” that develop around the base of the plant is one of the simplest methods to reproduce this succulent.

These may be gently removed and replanted in soil using a sharp knife. Allow them to dry for a day or two before planting them in a new container.

Water well and keep it warm while you wait for the offshoots to take root.

Seeds Propagation

The seeds may also be used to reproduce this plant and can be planted in pots or straight in the ground.

Sow them slightly below the soil’s surface and keep them wet for two weeks, or until they germinate.

Wait a few weeks after they’ve sprouted before transplanting them in a new pot.

How Do You Grow Agave Victoriae-Reginae From Seed?

Agaves are monocarpic, meaning they only blossom once before dying. It is the changes within the plant caused by the development of fruit or seeds that cause the plant to die, not the blossoming.

Agave victoriae-reginae “Queen Victoria Agave” blossoms can be harvested for their seeds.

Collect mature seed pods and dry them for a week or two to spread via seed. Then plant them in soil and keep them moist until they sprout.

Germination takes about 2-3 weeks on average. If you reside in a colder climate, you may start sowing seeds indoors using a grow light or a seed mat.

How Do I Identify Agave Victoriae-Reginae?

  1. Victoria-reginae is a hardy and attractive Agave that grows slowly. It is regarded as one of the most attractive and desirable species.

The highly open black-edged variant has its own name (King Ferdinand’s agave, Agave ferdinandi-regis) and other varieties that are the more common white-edged type.

Several cultivars with varying patterns of white leaf markings or no white markings (var. viridis) or white or yellow variegation have been named.


Individual or suckering, slow growing, thick, up to 45 cm in diameter (but seldom grows taller than 22 cm), most populations are solitary, while some are strongly offset (forma caespitosa and forma stolonifera).


Short,15-20 cm long and up to 3 cm broad, rigid and thick, trigonous, dark green, and beautifully marked with brilliant white-margins (The distinct longitudinal white markings are unique, slightly raised, like mini-variegation bordering each leaf).

They have no teeth and merely a short black, terminal spine. The leaves grow close together and form globose regular rosettes.


The inflorescence is a spike 2 to 4 metres tall, with numerous paired blooms of diverse colors, frequently with purple red tints.

Blooming Season

The flowering reasons is summer. As with all Agave species, it has a long-life cycle and blossoms after about 20 to 30 years of vegetative development, and the effort to generate the flowers exhausts the plant, which dies after a few years.

When Does Queen Victoria’s Agave Bloom?

After around 20-30 years, the Queen Victoria agave blooms. The flower stalk may reach a height of 12 feet and bears a cluster of blooms at the top. When the blooms die, the stalk collapses and the plant dies.

The inflorescence is a spike 2 to 4 metres tall, with numerous paired blooms of diverse colors, frequently with purple red tints.

Summer is the blooming season. As with all Agave species, it has a lengthy life cycle and sets blooms after about 20 to 30 years of vegetative growth, and the effort to generate the flowers exhausts the plant, causing it to die quickly.

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