What Is Saussurea Costus Used For?

What is saussurea Costus used for?

Saussurea costus is a well-known and valuable medicinal plant that is used to cure a variety of maladies, including asthma, inflammatory diseases, ulcers, and stomach problems, in different indigenous systems of medicine.

The main phytoconstituents of this plant have been identified as sesquiterpene lactones.

The ability of Saussurea costus to display anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anticancer, and hepatoprotective effects has been successfully demonstrated in a variety of in vitro and in vivo settings, adding support to the rationale for numerous of its traditional uses.

Costunolide, dehydrocostus lactone, and cynaropicrin have all been isolated from this plant and shown to have potential as bioactive compounds.

It will be acceptable to develop Saussurea costus and its ingredients as a medicine due to their outstanding biological activity.

Is saussurea Costus safe?

Costus oil is very likely safe for the majority of individuals when consumed in the proportions found in meals.

Costus root is possibly safe for the majority of individuals when used correctly as a medication. However, costus is frequently contaminated with a substance called aristolochic acid.

Aristolochic acid causes kidney damage and cancer. Aristolochic acid-containing Costus products are very risky.

Use no costus preparations unless laboratory testing demonstrate that they are devoid of aristolochic acid.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has the authority under law to seize any plant product suspected of containing aristolochic acid.

The product will not be issued unless the manufacturer establishes that it is devoid of aristolochic acid.

What is the uses of saussurea Costus?

Costus is a plant. The root and its oil are used to manufacture medication.

Although costus is used for a variety of illnesses, there is no scientific proof to back these claims. Additionally, using costus can be dangerous unless laboratory testing demonstrate that it is devoid of a harmful impurity called aristolochic acid.

Costus oil is used as a flavouring agent in foods and beverages.

Costus oil is used as a fixative and scent in cosmetics manufacture.

Is Saussurea costus a perennial?

Saussurea costus is a PERENNIAL that grows to a height of 3 meters (9ft) by 1 meter (3ft 3in).

It is hardy to zone 7 in the United Kingdom.

July to August is when it blooms, and August to September is when the seeds ripen. Insects pollinate the species, which is hermaphrodite (has both male and female parts).

Appropriate for use in light, medium, and heavy (clay) soils. Mildly acidic, neutral, and basic (mildly alkaline) soils are all suitable. It thrives in semi-shade (light woods) or complete darkness. It is attracted to damp soil.

Does Saussurea costus flower?

Saussurea is a genus of approximately 300 species of flowering plants belonging to the thistle tribe of the daisy family.

It is native to the cool temperate and arctic regions of East Asia, Europe, and North America, with the greatest diversity occurring in alpine habitats in the Himalayas and East Asia.

Common names include saw-wort and snow lotus, the latter of which refers to a variety of species found at high elevations in East Asia.

They are perennial herbaceous plants that range in height from 5–10 cm for miniature alpine species to 3 m for towering thistle-like plants. The leaves begin as a thick base rosette and spiral upward along the blooming stalk.

Should I mist Saussurea costus?

Saussurea is a perennial that should be watered in well. You should also check the moisture levels in the potting mix to see if it is sufficient.

Saussurea costus needs moderate watering, but this should be done in well-draining soil.

They do not require much maintenance.

Can Saussurea costus help in the treatment of COVID-19?

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that is now creating a pandemic and is being treated as a national public health emergency.

COVID-19 symptoms and indicators range from moderate to severe, including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multi-organ failure, which may result in death in the absence of vaccinations or particular antiviral therapies.

Saussurea costus (S. costus) is a well-known medicinal plant whose roots have been used safely and effectively for restorative reasons throughout human history.

Numerous previous studies have revealed the presence of numerous bioactive phytochemical molecules that are antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-lipid peroxidation, immunostimulant, immunomodulating, analgesic, bronchodilator, hepatoprotective, and antihepatotoxic.

Saussurea costus has immunomodulatory effects on cytokine release and contains complement-inhibitor compounds that may be beneficial in the treatment of some disorders associated with excessive complement activation, such as respiratory distress.

What type of soil do Saussurea costus needs?

Succeeds in most soils in a sunny well-drained position. Cultivated in the Himalayas as a medicinal herb and for its use in perfumes.

When young, the dried root has a mossy violet-like aroma that develops into a fur-like or even unpleasantly goat-like aroma with age.

The majority of the roots are shipped to China and Japan, and the plant is a significant source of commerce in Kashmir, where the trade is regulated by the state.

Wild plants have been vastly over-collected, and the plant has been added to the CITES I list of endangered species, making it unlawful to dig them up for export.

How do you take care of Saussurea costus?

Dolomiaea costus, previously Saussurea costus, is a species of thistle endemic to South Asia and China. It is also known as costus, Indian costus, kuth, or putchuk.

Kashmir’s Rishi (Hindu) mystics ate this herb in particular. Since ancient times, essential oils derived from the root have been employed in traditional medicine and perfumery.

Costus is the plant’s root.

The root of the plant is the most important portion that is utilized medicinally or homeopathically. Additionally, the root is referred to by its Latin name, radix aucklandiae (root of aucklandia)

They do well in the following conditions


Partial shade to full sun is fine. Plants that grow in shade tend to be more compact and not as leggy. Saussurea costus are well suited to partial shade and morning light.

With more sun, these plants need more water. Avoid direct sunlight during this time. The amount of sunlight the plant thrives upon can vary from semi-shaded (light woodland) areas or areas with no shade.


Saussurea costus can be a problem in clay soils as they need coarse loamy soil to break up the soil particles and prevent them from sitting on top of each other, clogging the soil.

With a good mix of organic matter, you will be fine. They don’t like heavy clay soils.

The plant can be grown in a wide variety of soils, ranging from light sandy, medium to heavy clay soils that are acid, neutral or basic, alkaline soils, preferring soils that are moist.


Water when the top inch seems a little dry, but do not over water these plants! Let them dry out in between waterings as they tend to rot when kept too moist for too long.


Deadhead spent blooms to promote new growth and you can use a general purpose fertilizer at half strength in spring or early summer.

How do you propagate Saussurea costus?

Propagation methods are Division and Seeds.

Division propagation

They may be propagated via root or rhizome division – as all gingers are – or by stem cuttings in mild climates.

These should be cut into 25–30 cm lengths, stripped of leaves, and set flat in mulch or a tray of seed growing mix.

Within a few weeks, new plants will emerge from the place where the leaf meets the stem, and once the plantlet has developed its own roots, it may be separated and potted up until it is large enough to be planted in the garden.

Costus may occasionally produce plantlets from the leaf axils near the base of the flower, which will then fall to the ground, allowing the new plantlet to establish roots. This manner, a substantial thicket can develop.

Seed propagation

Saussurea costus is a critically endangered medicinal plant species indigenous to the Indian Himalayas.

The present study examines the influence of seed age on seed germination and seedling emergence in S. costus.

Seed germination and seedling emergence were highest in seeds aged 18 months (100% and 91%, respectively) and lowest in those aged 54 months.

Saussurea costus seeds should be kept at a low temperature and sown within 18 months of collection to ensure maximum germination.

Should pregnant women consumed Saussurea costus?

There is insufficient trustworthy evidence about the safety of taking costus when pregnant or nursing. Always err on the side of caution and abstain from usage.

Costus may elicit an allergic response in individuals sensitive to the Asteraceae/Compositae plant family.

Ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies are all members of this family.

If you have any allergies, see your healthcare practitioner before to taking costus.

The optimal dose of costus is determined by a number of criteria, including the user’s age, health, and a variety of other characteristics.

At the moment, there is insufficient scientific evidence to establish a suitable dosing range for costus. Bear in mind that natural products are not always safe, and proper dose might be critical.

Before using, follow all applicable recommendations on the product label and contact your pharmacist, physician, or other healthcare expert.

Is Saussurea costus rare?

Saussurea costus us is one of Kashmir Himalaya’s most endangered medicinal plants.

This species is at risk of extinction as a result of uncontrolled collection, overexploitation, illicit trading, and habitat degradation.

Habitat destruction continues in many farming regions as a result of road building and military sites, reducing the crop’s worldwide production.

Habitat degradation due to recreational activities and urbanization is also restricting its cultivation potential, hence reducing the worldwide production of this crop.

Another significant factor affecting this species’ survival rate is uncontrolled yak grazing.

The greatest harm, however, stems from the plant’s therapeutic capabilities. The Red Data Book of Indian Plants classifies it as “endangered.”

Does Saussurea costus likes repot?

To make sure your plant will grow properly and thrive, it should be repotted at least every two years at the beginning of growing seasons.

Saussurea costus is a very hearty and hardy plant, but it does require a good amount of water.

As a rule of thumb, one cubic foot of potting soil should be added to the pot every year or so because the soil dries out over time.

They need a larger pot than most other plants, so a larger pot is required.

You should dig the pot up to ensure that you have enough depth for root development.

Make sure to loosen the soil from the bottom of the pot and lightly water it.

Planting the plant may be done either during the cool part of spring or fall, or in summer if you are growing it indoors. To make sure you have enough space around the roots, you must use different pots as they grow.

How often should you water Saussurea costus?

Only water your Costus when the top inch of the soil feels dry.

It is important to follow watering schedules so the soil does not become saturated, resulting in root rot.

If you have a potted plant, water it until the excess water drains through the bottom of the pot into an empty basin or bucket.

Never let the soil become dry; if the soil is dry, it will not be able to absorb water, resulting in its death.

In overwatering your plant, the roots will rot and die. Water your plant whenever you see the soil is dry and do not let it sit in water. This way the roots are always healthy and strong.

How much light does Saussurea costus need?

They will do well in a medium light setting, but they do not prefer too much shade.

They should also be allowed to grow outside on the ground in full sun to partial shade.

They can also be planted inside on a windowsill in full sun to partial shade, but may need more frequent watering than those placed outdoors due to lower humidity and evaporation.

Avoid direct sunlight, as it causes leaves to scorch, resulting in a loss of energy.

Are they easy to grow?

Of course, any reasonably well-grown and healthy plant will be easy to cultivate, but there is more to a good indoor cultivation than just caring for the plant (i.e. watering, fertilizing and sheltering it from drafts and sudden temperature changes).

The best type of soil for them is one that will provide the roots with enough nutrition in order to thrive without over-straining the plant’s immune system with constant fertilization (although good quality organic or mineral fertilizers can be used without problems).

Is Saussurea costus an indoor or outdoor plant?

How do you identify Saussurea costus?

Dolomiaea costus is a perennial that typically grows to a height of 1–2 meters (3.3–6.6 feet) and a width of 1 meter (3.3 feet).

It has elongated lyrate leaves and purple floret heads.

The leaves are auricled at the base and have jagged, toothed patterns running down their sides. They range in length from 0.50–1.25 m (1.6–4.1 feet).

The plant’s roots are robust and can reach a length of up to 40 cm (16 in).

Its regular flowering season is from July to August, and the seeds mature between August and September.

The plant thrives in a broad variety of soil types, from light sandy to heavy clay, acid, neutral, or basic, alkaline soils, favouring wet soils.

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