How Do You Take Care Of Euphorbia Tithymaloides?

How Do You Take Care Of Euphorbia Tithymaloides?

Euphorbia Tithymaloides prefers indirect bright sunshine. Plant in direct sun in autumn and winter, but give it a little protection from blistering hot rays in spring and summer. Turning the slats on your blinds might be sufficient to prevent the leaves from scorching.

Euphorbia Tithymaloides grows best at a moderate temperature. Store it in a cool place, out of direct sunlight if it’s been brought indoors. The following are factors to consider when caring for Euphorbia Tithymaloides;


Euphorbia Tithymaloides likes indirect sunlight. It does not like full, direct sunlight since it can burn leaves. So make sure that your Euphorbia Tithymaloides is in a shade, or darkness during the day.

But at night, make sure that it is placed outdoors with the lights off to prevent fire pests and fungal infections. Euphorbia Tithymaloides should not be exposed to cold weather. It is highly susceptible to frost. At times, you may need to protect from frost with a basket or move it indoors.


Euphorbia Tithymaloides is drought-tolerant, although it performs best in wet soil with moderate summer watering and minimal winter watering. In the spring and fall, moderately water the plant.

Every three to four weeks during the spring and summer, add a liquid fertilizer when watering. Euphorbia Tithymaloides has a shallow root system, so it will require frequent watering and fertilizing.

For increased blooms and optimal health, water thoroughly during the warmer months. Use rain or distilled water to prevent mineral deposits which can clog pores and reduce the plant’s ability to absorb water.


Euphorbia Tithymaloides prefers full sun. It grows best in a well-drained, fast-draining soil that is rich in organic nutrients. If you have an existing garden bed, add plenty of organic matter for proper drainage. If planting directly in the ground, amend the soil with manure or compost prior to planting Euphorbia Tithymaloides.


Apply a liquid fertilizer every two weeks during the spring and summer to encourage blooms and help prevent pest attacks. During these months, it may also be beneficial to add an organic mulch a few inches deep around the plant to prevent weeds and retain moisture.


Dead prune Euphorbia Tithymaloides during the winter months, unless you want to encourage back budding. Back budding will give your plant a fuller look. If you want back budding, cut off branches all the way down to the base of the stem. Direct ties should not be removed until they are dead or rotted away.


Euphorbia Tithymaloides is an indoor houseplant, so it can be kept indoors year round. In winter, keep the plant in a cool location, with temperatures between 60° and 70°.

During the spring and summer months, keep the plant indoors with temperatures between 75° and 85°. Humidity can be kept to a minimum during the winter months.


Euphorbia Tithymaloides can be propagated by seeds or cuttings. Cut branches from the plant in late winter into early spring, and plant them into moist potting soil. Do not cover the cutting with soil; simply place them on top of the soil and mist lightly until they are established.


Repot your Euphorbia Tithymaloides every three to five years or as needed in a rich houseplant mix with plenty of sand mixed in to increase drainage.

Utilize unglazed containers, which permit excess moisture to escape easily and prevent wet root damage. Unmanaged plants may reach a height of 5 feet (1.5 meters).

Pests and Diseases

Most Euphorbia Tithymaloides are not the target of pests, since it is very slow-growing. However, aphids and mealybugs can occasionally attack Euphorbia Tithymaloides. Use a horticultural oil spray to control aphids, or use a soapy water solution to wash off mealybugs. These pests can spread fungal infections, so keep an eye on your plants and remove any infected leaves.

Are Euphorbia Tithymaloides Poisonous?

Although Euphorbia Tithymaloides is not directly poisonous, it contains a thick milky sap that is toxic when ingested. The milky sap can also irritate the eyes and skin. When pruning your plants, wear gloves to prevent from being face with the plant’s toxic sap.

Euphorbia Tithymaloides are known for their extreme toxicity when ingested which may cause irritation in the digestive tract and can lead to internal failure, abdominal pain, and fever. The plant’s roots, stems, and leaves are known to be poisonous.

What Is Euphorbia Tithymaloides?

Euphorbia Tithymaloides is a succulent, herbaceous perennial is an invasive plant in North America. The natural range of Euphorbia Tithymaloides includes tropical and subtropical North America and Central America.

It favors sandy, well-drained, nutrient-dense soils, especially those with greater concentrations of boron, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and zinc. It is highly intolerant of high levels of soil salt, but demonstrates saline tolerance if it is well nourished. If the plant is well-watered, it will be taller and have more biomass. The plant must be grown in a sunny location.

Before 1688, Euphorbia Tithymaloides was introduced as a garden plant. Amsterdam was the first location where its cultivation in a garden was documented. It is generally used as a border plant in outdoor gardens, however select types thrive indoors.

Due to the toxicity of the plant, gardeners are advised to use protective eyewear, gloves, long-sleeved shirts, and long pants. Seeds or cuttings may be used for propagation.

Cuttings should be 5 to 6 inches (13 to 15 cm) long, taken above a joint, planted in sandy, nutrient-rich soil, and allowed to root prior to planting. March to April or June to July is the optimal time to take cuttings from the middle or top of the main stem.

The blossoms of this shrub attract hummingbirds. Cabbage worms favor the plant’s leaves in particular. Because it is one of the few plants that can grow in these more challenging situations, municipalities have planted Euphorbia Tithymaloides in landfills, hazardous waste sites, and along roadsides.

What Is The Common Name Of Euphorbia Tithymaloides?

Euphorbia Tithymaloides is a succulent perennial spurge. The plant is also known by its scientific name, Pedilanthus Tithymaloides.

It is an upright shrub. However, the genus Pedilanthus has been subsumed into the genus Euphorbia and its new name is more accurate (Euphorbia Tithymaloides).

Numerous common names are applied to Euphorbia Tithymaloides by gardeners and the general public. Among these are the redbird flower, devil’s-backbone, redbird cactus, Jewbush, buck-thorn, cimora misha, Christmas candle, fiddle flower, ipecacuahana, Jacob’s ladder, Japanese poinsettia, Jew’s slipper, milk-hedge, myrtle-leaved spurge, Padus-leaved clipper plant, red slipper spurge, slip

In other regions, it is known as gin-ryu (Japan); pokok Lipan and penawar Lipan (Indonesia); airi, baire, and agia “rang chita” (Bengal); aperejo (Yoruba); sapatinho do diabo (Brazil); tamo real (Cuba and Puerto Rico); pantoufle (France); and zapatilla del di (Mexico)

North Carolina Cooperative Extension: Euphorbia Tithymaloides (Devil’s-backbone, Japanese Poinsettia, Redbird Flower, Slipper Flower).

How Often Should I Water Euphorbia Tithymaloides?

Euphorbia Tithymaloides is drought-tolerant, although it performs best in wet soil with moderate summer watering and minimal winter watering. In the spring and fall, moderately water the plant. Every three to four weeks during the spring and summer, add a liquid fertilizer when watering.

When watering the plant, soak the soil thoroughly. Do not allow the leaves to sit in standing water, as they tend to rot easily. In general, Euphorbia Tithymaloides requires at least a gallon of water per week in summer, and up to two gallons per week in shady locations.

Additionally, its height may be affected by rainfall. In dryer climates, its leaf drop can begin after three to four months of drought.

How Much Light Does Euphorbia Tithymaloides Need?

Euphorbia Tithymaloides requires full sunlight and prefers bright light to partial shade, although it is able to tolerate low-light situations if kept on the dry side. For optimal growth, keep this plant in moderate shade to bright sun and avoid letting the soil remain wet, especially during winter and early spring.

Light exposure can be increased as the plant ages. Too or little light can cause leaf yellowing and plant stunting. In its natural habitat, Euphorbia Tithymaloides is generally found in areas of dense shade.

Euphorbia Tithymaloides is also found in sunny areas, as it is a succulent. It is not uncommon to see this plant growing under large trees, such as oaks. For Euphorbia Tithymaloides blooming to occur, the plant requires at least 4 to 8 hours of sunlight each day.

How Often Should I Prune Euphorbia Tithymaloides?

Euphorbia Tithymaloides needs minimal pruning and the best way to prune the plant is during the spring or summer seasons. Pinching back can reduce the height of one’s plant, but it will not cause any harm. Pruning will not reduce the plant’s natural growth cycle.

Pruning rules for Euphorbia Tithymaloides are similar to those of other succulent plants. When pruning, remove weak stems and leaf damage from the previous season as well as any dead flowers. For best results, prune this plant in the spring after it has finished flowering or in the summer just prior to fall flowering.

Pinching back is a good method to use on younger plants since it can increase their branching and make the plant healthier. Pruning make Euphorbia Tithymaloides to be more compact and bushy. It can also be used to promote the development of more flower heads.

If a plant has more branching, it will have more flowers. Pruning should be done after flowering to remove the spent flower heads, although some guidelines recommend removing them immediately after flowering is finished.

In general, pruning Euphorbia Tithymaloides will help plants live longer without being weakened. Pruning also promotes healthier plants with stronger plants that are more resistant to pests and diseases.

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