How Do You Plant Euphorbia Candelabrum?
It is critical that the soil have no organic matter; use a mix of volcanic soil or pumice stone with a little peat.
Water on a regular basis to keep the substrate from drying out completely. In the winter, only water once a month at most.
Fertilize cactus with mineral fertilizer every 20 days during the summer. They do not require pruning. They do not present problems with plagues and infections if properly watered and ventilated.
They propagate from seeds sown in the nursery the same year of collecting or from summer cuttings; dry the cuttings for two weeks in a dry, dark location before rooted. Be cautious of the irritating latex that they produce.
They are used to produce clusters in low-water-required gardens and to cover dry, sunny hillsides. Remember that the latex they generate is irritant.
Euphorbia enjoys full sun but can also thrive in partial shade. They can withstand minor frosts on occasion.
- The soil should be well-drained and light.
- It is critical not to flood while waiting for the substrate to dry.
- They are plants that are resistant to common pests and illnesses.
- They spread via division or seeding in the spring.
What Are Euphorbia Candelabrum Components?
Euphorbia candelabrum latex contains highly irritating ingenol diterpene esters. Ingenol and its derivatives have tumor-promoting properties as well as anti-HIV and anti-leukaemia properties.
Many studies are being conducted on the synthesis and biological evaluation of ingenol analogs and derivatives. Latex also comprises around 12.5 percent rubber.
In the mouse ear test, latex from cultivated plants in the United Kingdom was mildly irritant, with an ID50 = 1.6 g / 5 ml after 4 hours, which is similar to latex from Euphorbia tirucalli L. and significantly less irritant than latex from Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss. In the brine-shrimp test, an ethanol extract of the stem demonstrated negligible toxicity.
What Is The Local Name For Euphorbia Candelabrum?
Euphorbia candelabrum is a succulent plant species in the Euphorbiaceae family, and one of numerous plants (also known as candelabra tree).
It is closely related to three other Euphorbia species: Euphorbia ingens from the dry parts of South Africa, Euphorbia conspicua from western Angola, and Euphorbia abyssinica from Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia.
Its Latin name comes from its growth habit, which is commonly said to mimic the branching of a candelabrum. Candelabra trees can be found in rocky slopes, dry deciduous and evergreen open woodland grasslands, and, on rare occasions, termite mounds.
The habitat range of Euphorbia candelabrum shrinks when rainfall rates decrease. Trees normally grow to reach 12 meters tall, however some examples have been documented growing to be 20 meters tall.
How Do You Use Euphorbia Candelabrum?
Euphorbia candelabrum flowers generate a lot of nectar, but the honey induces a burning feeling in the mouth, which is exacerbated by drinking water. After childbirth, ladies are given a decoction of the stems to help remove the afterbirth.
The bark is pounded and the paste is applied to the body to cure skin diseases in humans. Bark is roasted, crushed, and powdered before being administered to animal wounds or brucellosis (swollen joints, Okuziimba-Munyiingo).
Sap was given to the cheek glands of calves to treat East Coast Fever. However, this should be done with considerable caution. Birdlime is made from sticky latex. When latex comes into contact with the eyes, it is extremely poisonous and can result in blindness.
It also causes blisters and is irritant to the skin and mucous membranes. Several drops of latex dissolved in water are used to treat coughs (Ekifuba-Luganda, Olukololo-Runyankole) and tuberculosis, as well as as an emetic and abortifacient in Central Africa.
Wounds (amabwa-luganda, Ebironda-Runyankole), sores, and warts are also treated with latex. To treat malaria, the Loita Maasai people combine latex with fat and apply it to the body (Omusujja-Luganda, Omushwijja-Runyankole).
To discharge the placenta, women are given a decoction of the pith of the branches shortly after childbirth.
Where Can I Find Euphorbia Candelabrum?
Grewia and Euphorbiaceae are considered fire-sensitive and are often relegated to termite mounds rather than dominating the open savanna.
However, Euphorbia candelabrum has been discovered to be extremely common in the savanna and short-grass sections of Uganda’s Queen Elizabeth National Park.
Tall succulents have been shown to be poor invaders of often burned stands of land, therefore this is an uncommon home for them.
The development of Euphorbia candelabrum as a tall succulent appears to be due to overgrazing by African mammals such as the Ugandan kob (Kobus kob Erxleben) and waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa Ogilby) as well as a decrease in intense wildfires.
This species is further subdivided into two varieties: Euphorbia candelabrum var. bilocularis and Euphorbia candelabrum var. candelabrum.
Why Do We Need To Know More About Euphorbia Candelabrum?
Euphorbia candelabrum is found in short-grass savannas or on sandy soil, with low tree cover. It inhabits and co-exists with several other species of Euphorbia and Grewia, most notably E. ingens, E. abyssinica, E. variegata, and Grewia tiliifolia (Grewia stellata).
Almost half of all Euphorbia candelabrum plants and stems from Uganda are injured.
It is found most commonly in habitats that have been subjected to poor fire regimes and overgrazing by herbivores.
It is found in a small section of the park, where cattle are kept in the open and areas around the lakes receive intense burning for about five years every ten years or so.
The main threat to this species is overgrazing and habitat destruction. It also suffers from frequent human interference and fire exclusion.
What Is The Difference Between Euphorbia Candelabrum And Euphorbia Ingens?
The two species are very similar in appearance, however there are some notable differences:
The differences between the two are as follows: E. candelabrum can be distinguished from E. ingens by its thinner stems and its bark which is pale grayish-brown on young trees but black on older trees, whereas the bark of E. ingens is black throughout.
The leaves of E. candelabrum are obovate and hairy at the base, whereas those of E. ingens are broadly oblong with hairs only on the midrib below.
The inflorescence of E. candelabrum has cymes which are shorter than the subtending bracts, whereas that of E. ingens has cymes which are longer than or equal in length to the subtending bracts.
Euphorbia candelabrum is a common species of Euphorbia with very wide distribution. Whereas E. Candelabrum has alternate leaves, Euphorbia ingens has opposite leaves.
The branches are white and ribbed and the flowers are a milky-green color and have five petals in the shape of an inverted cone.
Euphorbia candelabrum grow to 20 meters tall, whereas Euphorbia ingens only grow to 3 meters tall in height.
The main feature of the two species is their ability to survive fire, as they can be found on different parts of the same savanna.
Euphorbia candelabrum can also be distinguished from other species as it is a perennial with alternate leaves.
This species is differentiated from Grewia stellata (bamboo) by its opposite alternate leaves texture, which are thick and leathery, unlike bamboo whose leaves are smooth and thin.
How Long Does It Take For Euphorbia Candelabrum To Flower?
Euphorbia candelabrum has a very short rainy season, lasting only 3 or 4 months. They flower approximately 2 months after the rains have ended. This species is found in Central Africa and southern Uganda and grows in the savanna grasslands.
Can Euphorbia Candelabrum Be Grown In Other Places?
Yes. Although Euphorbia candelabrum are indigenous to the savannas of Africa, it can be easily grown in the urban environment.
Euphorbia candelabrum is a very resilient species that can withstand drought and even very dry soil conditions.
It can also take temperatures as low as -10 degrees Celsius, which makes it well suited for an urban gardener’s climate.
However, Euphorbia candelabrum can only be propagated from seed, which is usually harvested from the parent plant.
What Does Euphorbia Candelabrum Look Like When Grown In Pots?
Euphorbia candelabrum grows to a height of 30-40 cm and 2-4 cm in diameter in pots. The plant is occasionally used as an ornamental in small pots or as a container plant.
It is an indigenous plant of Africa and is endemic to the region. It is popular in the region too.
Euphorbia candelabrum can be propagated from seeds, which are harvested from mature fruits of parent plants. They are harvested during December to February when the fruits start bursting open.
The seeds are then dried and stored in silica gel to retain their viability. Seeds can be germinated in laboratory cultures that simulate the climate.
They are usually planted in an open space with a thick layer of sand to prevent the roots from drying out.
They can also be grown in a well-lit, heated environment with consistent water and fertilizer. The plant can also be propagated by vegetative means through grafting.
How Do You Distinguish A Young Euphorbia Candelabrum From An Older One?
The size of the leaves, stems and fruits differs in young Euphorbia candelabrum.
Young plants have smaller leaves and stems and the fruits are small, whereas older branches are thick and fleshy with spines at the nodes.
The older parts of the plant show the most conspicuous difference compared to younger ones. Euphorbia candelabrum is found in a small section of the park.
What Are The Different Uses For This Plant?
Euphorbia candelabrum has been utilized in agroforestry for firewood, timber, and fencing. Its wood is light and durable, and it is used for a variety of things including as roofing, tables, doors, matches, boxes, mortars, musical instruments, and saddles.
Euphorbia candelabrum is primarily used as an ornamental plant in gardens, and also as a medicinal plant. It has medicinal uses for treating fever, chills, inflammation of the urinary tract and skin rashes.