How Do You Propagate Monstera Dissecta?
The Monstera Dissecta is propagated using stem cuttings. You may water or amend the soil in early spring. Select a cutting with many nodes or leaves. Some aerial roots are advantageous but not necessary.
Your cutting can be propagated in either water or soil. Water is exactly as effective as soil and has the added benefit of being easy to monitor. The Monstera Dissecta can be propagated both summer and winter
In fact, it looks most successful when done during the cold winter months. The following are the procedures to follow when propagating Monstera Dissecta.
Propagation from stem cutting;
- Select a new Monstera Dissecta cutting with several leaves. If any aerial roots are present, remove them as they may propagate.
- Water or amend the soil but do not soak.
- Keep the cutting in a warm patterned room with bright indirect light.
- Within 7 to 10 days, new growth will show on the Monstera Dissecta cuttings and roots will begin to form.
- Within 2 to 3 weeks, roots will begin to break through the soil.
- Keep the Monstera Dissecta cutting in this manner until the new growth has died off, but no more than 2 months.
- Transfer your Monstera Dissecta to a pot 1-2 inches in diameter and then fill with fresh potting mix.
- Place in a warm room with bright indirect light and maintain high humidity.
- Keep your Monstera Dissecta in a warm, humid environment with bright indirect light until the new growth starts.
How Long Does It Take For Monstera Dissecta To Grow Roots?
The Monstera Dissecta takes about two to three weeks to grow roots. The time it takes for the roots to break through the media depends on the size of the plant being propagated.
When you buy from a nursery, it usually takes about two weeks for roots to form, but with your cuttings, it may be up to a month.
Monstera Dissecta is great for beginners because the process is simple and easy to do. It is important to ensure that the rooting medium is humid and warm. Keep your propagating environment in a warm, humid place with bright indirect light.
When propagating Monstera Dissecta on water, ensure that the area where you are propagating is out of direct sunlight. Monstera Dissecta prefers to be grown in a room with bright indirect light.
Can You Propagate Monstera Dissecta On Water?
This plant can be propagated on both water and soil. Use a mini-garden pot filled with soil to ensure the Monstera Dissecta receives proper drainage and so that it is not crowded in its own environment. Healthy plants should have no leaves or roots to be removed.
Monstera Dissecta can be propagated in the summer, so when you take cuttings, you can fill a mini-garden sized pot with fresh soil and use that as your propagation medium. The following are the steps to follow when propagating Monstera Dissecta on water;
- Collect you’re cutting from the stem.
- Place the cutting in a fresh mini-garden sized pot with fresh soil.
- Use a clean pair of scissors to remove any leaves and ends from the Monstera Dissecta cutting.
- Water the cuttings with a 50/50 mix of perlite and water, which should be kept in an opaque container to ensure it does not dry out and become root-bound.
- Place the container directly under a bright, southern window. This will keep the soil moist and allow the Monstera Dissecta cutting to absorb some sunlight while they grow roots.
- Once roots have been developed, plant in a pot 2-3 inches in diameter with good drainage holes and place it in a cool area with indirect light.
- Place your Monstera Dissecta in direct sunlight only when necessary to encourage new growth or during the winter months to keep them warm (80°F is optimal).
- Once your Monstera Dissecta cutting have some new growth, you can transfer them to a larger pot with good drainage.
- Water the plant well and keep it in a warm area with bright indirect light until new growth is developed.
How Do You Care For Monstera Dissecta?
Monstera Dissecta is a beautiful plant for growing indoors or out but it does have some specific requirements. It can be grown in semi-shade to shade as long as the humidity is high and the temperature remains warm.
When propagating Monstera Dissecta in water, a 70/30-20/50 mix of perlite and water should be used to ensure that the Monstera Dissecta has good drainage. It should always be kept out of direct sunlight to prevent burning or the plant from drying out.
Monstera Dissecta needs high humidity and warmth. It also needs indirect sunlight and should not be placed where it gets direct sunlight as it may burn its leaves or kill the plant from being too hot. The following are some of the factors to consider when caring for Monstera Dissecta;
Monstera Dissecta prefers bright, indirect light. Avoid low lighting or artificial grow lights. Otherwise, these plants will be lanky and develop slowly. Also, please don’t put it in direct sunlight as it may burn foliage.
Monstera Dissecta needs bright light and high humidity. As such, it is recommended that the plant is placed where they have the ability to soak up the sun-warmed floors and walls of the house.
Although this plant can thrive in partial shade, it requires a lot of sunlight, so be sure to allow it to soak up as much as possible by placing it under a bright window that does not receive direct sunlight.
If the top 2 to 3 inches of soil are dry, water Monstera Dissecta. The frequency will vary according on humidity, temperature, light, etc. Throughout the growth season, we water every 5 to 7 days, and every two weeks during the winter and fall.
Monstera Dissecta likes to be watered regularly to maintain a good balance of soil moisture and absorb moisture from the air. Generally, a soil mix will go bad when it becomes drier than 70% of the water it can hold.
This can be determined simply by watering and seeing how long it takes for the top 2-3 inches of soil to become dry (by when you can no longer stick your finger down into the soil).
The Monstera Dissecta needs soil that is well drained and does not hold excess water. A mixture of ¾ peat moss and ¼ sand can be used to ensure proper drainage when you propagate Monstera Dissecta on water.
Monstera Dissecta should only be watered during dry periods. In the winter months, the Monstera Dissecta should be kept alive. The water should not be placed directly on the leaves as that may cause rotting.
Monstera Dissecta love high humidity, with optimal levels being 60 percent to 80 percent. However, they can resist lesser amounts, even that in your household. 40 percent and higher is still good. If your home has very low humidity, find a means to raise it.
You may opt for a humidifier, a pebble tray, or spritz your plant a few times a week. Other approaches are putting these plants in a bathroom or together.
By covering the soil with perlite, you can add nutrients to the soil faster. However, a good mix needs to be used to ensure proper nutrition of the Monstera Dissecta plant. The best mix is composed of 1 part sand, 1 part peat moss, 1 part vermiculite and ½ part manure.
Monstera Dissecta should be repotted once every 2 to 3 years. Repotting should be done in the spring or summer, when the plant is dormant. If you notice any drooping or wilting, remove soil from the pot only to about ¼ of an inch below the soil line, and place a new mix of soil in.
Rinse off excess soil from the roots by placing a clean spritz of water on top of the roots and wait several minutes before watering again.
Monstera Dissecta needs warm temperature of around 60-80 degrees. It can tolerate temperatures as low as 50 degrees if it is kept indoors, but in the winter keep your Monstera Dissecta above 60 degrees or the plant will probably die. Monstera Dissecta do best in a semi-arid area.
Monstera Dissecta should be pruned regularly to keep it from becoming leggy, or growing excessively and becoming weak from lack of sunlight. Monstera Dissecta tend to grow faster in the summer than they do in the winter.
It is best not to cut back Monstera Dissecta too severe during the summer months because it will affect the roots. However, this should be done when there is a risk of defoliation (leaves drooping).
Pests and Diseases
Although Monstera Dissecta is resistant to many pests and diseases, there are some that may be of concern to a Monstera Dissecta plant. Mites, mealybugs and aphids may cause the leaves of your Monstera Dissecta plant to wither, scale off or leave the plant entirely.
If you notice that your Monstera Dissecta leaves are curled up and turning yellowish brown, it could be due to spider mites.
Is Monstera Dissecta A Slow Grower?
Monstera Dissecta has a moderate growth rate. However, they will develop pretty quickly if you provide them with a climbing structure. Monstera Dissecta are very adaptable to different formats, and they can be grown in a variety of containers and in different kinds of growing mediums. Monstera Dissecta thrives in humid and warm areas.
When Monstera Dissecta is grown, it should be placed near a warm and bright window to ensure optimal development.
If the leaves of your Monstera Dissecta are yellowing or wilting, raise the moisture level by misting more water or placing the pot directly in a pan of water for about one hour.
Light, warm temperatures and moist soil provide the best environment for growth. The Monstera Dissecta grower should keep his or her Monstera Dissecta away from direct sunlight as much as possible.
Excessive sunlight, even in winter, may cause the leaves to burn or fall off, especially if there are no other leaves nearby for shading.
Monstera Dissecta have very thick stems and large sturdy leaves. Although they are slow growing, they can be grown from seed more quickly than from cuttings. The Monstera Dissecta grower should place a pot of soil mixed with peat moss and sand into a container.
To extract Monstera Dissecta root, the grower should take the Monstera Dissecta cutting and dip it in water.
After that, the cuttings are placed in a pot of soil and kept in a warm location. In time, the roots will form and grow at which point the plant may be taken out of its container to be grown on its own.