Is Passiflora Caerulea A Perennial?

What is Passiflora Caerulea used for?

Passiflora Caerulea is a perennial vine native to South America (southern Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay) that has been intentionally brought too many regions of the world as a beautiful blooming plant.

It has established itself as an invasive species in New Zealand, Hawaii, the Chilean islands off the coast, and potentially other Pacific islands.

The species is prized as an ornamental vine, is claimed to have sedative and anticonvulsant properties, and is frequently used as a reasonably disease-resistant rootstock for culinary passion fruit.

Where it has escaped and become invasive, it has the potential to suffocate native plants and prevent the development of native seedlings.

Can you eat Passiflora Caerulea?

Passiflora Caerulea flowers are not self-fertile and require cross-pollination with other blue passionflower vines in close vicinity. Mammals and birds distribute seeds. Additionally, it spreads by cuttings.

Passiflora Caerulea is a widely grown ornamental. Its fruit is edible but not particularly valuable. These uses cannot compensate for this plant’s overall negative impacts.

Is Passiflora Caerulea a perennial?

The Bluecrown Passionflower is a vining herbaceous perennial native to portions of South America. It is also Paraguay’s national flower.

It may reach a height of more than 40 feet. It features vibrant blue and white blooms as well as orange fruits. It is a member of the family Passifloraceae.

The genus name Passiflora refers to Jesus Christ’s crucifixion. Between the 15th and 16th centuries, Roman Catholic priests called the plant after the Passion of Christ, or Jesus Christ’s suffering and death.

The species name, Caerulea, relates to the flower’s blue filaments.

Is Passiflora Caerulea Hardy?

Passiflora Caerulea is a South American native perennial vine that is a member of the passionflower family (Passifloraceae).

This vining plant spreads quickly, sprouting long, twining tendrils with lobed leaves and spectacular blooms with white or blue sepals and white, purple, or blue filaments.

Additionally, it produces egg-shaped, vivid orange fruits. Passiflora Caerulea is also known as blue crown passionflower, blue passionflower, or common passionflower.

Passiflora Caerulea is a very cold-hardy passionflower vine, capable of surviving temperatures below freezing.

It has a spread of three to six feet and may reach a height of thirty feet via its tendrils (with as much as ten to fifteen feet of growth in a single season).

Beneficial pollinators like as butterflies, bees, and birds are attracted to the blossoms of these aromatic climbing plants.

Does Passiflora Caerulea bear fruit?

Passiflora Caerulea is a woody climber that can reach a height of 25 m, depending on the height of the supporting tree.

  1. Caerulea has extremely short stems. Palmately 5-lobed leaves (occasionally 3 or 7 lobes), 10-18 cm long and wide.

Each leaf contains a 5-10 cm long twining tendril at the base that assists in maintaining the plant by twining on the supporting plant.

  1. Caerulea flowers are approximately 10cm in diameter and have five similar-looking sepals and petals. 5 stamens in a greenish-yellow hue and 3 stigmas in a purple hue.

The fruit is an orange-yellow berry that measures 6 cm in length by 4 cm in diameter and contains numerous seeds.

How do you care for Passiflora Caerulea?

Passiflora Caerulea is an exotic-looking climber with evergreen, highly lobed, dark green glossy leaves.

From July to September, it produces huge white flowers with purple, blue, and white center filaments, followed by egg-shaped, orange-yellow fruit.

It is vigorous and trouble-free, swiftly covering a sunny wall or fence and is tolerant of some shade.

Passiflora Caerulea grows best when grown according to the following cultivation guidelines.

Light Requirements

Plant your passionflower vines in full sun to partial shade to keep them healthy and flowering. In severely hot areas, plants benefit from midday shade.

Passionflowers require at least four to six hours in direct sunlight every day (or more in cooler climates).

If you’re bringing potted specimens inside for the winter, provide them with strong, indirect light and keep them out of drafts.

Soil Requirements

Your vines should be planted in well-draining soil that is both rich and wet. The pH of the soil is not critical and can range from neutral to acidic, between around 6.1 and 7.5.

Compost added to the planting hole will aid in nutrient retention, while mulching around the plant’s base will aid in moisture retention without causing the plant to become waterlogged.

Typically, vines require some form of support—a trellis, a structure, or even another plant.

Water Requirements

Immediately after planting, give passionflowers a thorough watering. Apart from that, they normally flourish with one or two weekly waterings during their growing season.

Provide around 1 to 1.5 inches of water each week if there is no rain, since they do not tolerate drought well.

Temperature and Humidity Requirements

Passionflowers thrive in warm climates and may require winter protection in colder climates. They frequently perish in the winter in zones cooler than zone 6, unless they are brought indoors.

They should be planted in a wind-protected place, as high winds can harm stems and scorch foliage. Additionally, they thrive in places with a moderate to high level of humidity.

Fertilizer Requirements

Passionflower vines are strong feeders and will benefit from a light application of a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer containing equal parts nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium on a regular basis.

Does Passiflora Caerulea needs pruning?

During its growth season, passionflowers require little care and do not require deadheading.

Pruning is done primarily to control the vine’s size, eliminate deadwood, and promote fuller growth.

Pruning can be performed in late winter or early spring—in colder locations, the vines will naturally die back to the ground.

These plants flower on new growth, so trim them each spring before new growth begins to maintain the season’s flowers.

How do you grow Passiflora Caerulea from seed?

Passionflower can also be propagated from seed. Allow fruits to totally mature before collecting seeds. Before storing the seeds, open the pods and remove, clean, and dry them.

If you save seeds from a hybrid variety, keep in mind that they will not grow true to seed and will revert to their parent species’ look.

Passionflower seeds have a reputation for being sluggish to sprout. Start your seeds inside by scarifying them and immersing them in warm water for one to two days.

Any drifting seeds should be discarded as they are not viable.

Pat the seeds dry on the top of moist potting mix, but do not cover them, since they require light to sprout. Seal the pot with a plastic bag to keep the moisture in.

If you can deliver bottom heat to the pot (through a heat pad), you can accelerate germination.

Passionflower seeds require between 10 and 20 days to sprout. Maintain constant moisture in the soil.

When sprouts develop, keep them away from direct sunlight until genuine leaves grow. Grow lights are the optimal source of illumination during this stage of the process.

For ten to two weeks, gradually acclimate the plant to outside circumstances by increasing the quantity of sunshine it receives each day.

Transplant after the plant reaches a sufficient size and has developed multiple sets of leaves.

If planting seeds directly outdoors, wait until all threat of frost has gone and temperatures reach at least 55 degrees Fahrenheit.

Is Passiflora Caerulea invasive?

Passiflora Caerulea is a popular wall climber and groundcover. Though it is hardy to ten degrees Celsius (fourteen degrees Fahrenheit), it requires a protected location facing south or west (in the Northern Hemisphere).

It has the potential to become invasive, with twining branches emerging regularly unless eliminated. It has been awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Garden Merit Award.

How do you make Passiflora Caerulea tea?

Try drinking a cup of passionflower tea immediately before bed for a comfortable night’s sleep. This tea has a slight sedative effect.

Passionflower was found to improve sleep quality in mouse studies Trusted Source, which is excellent news given that around 70 million individuals in the United States Trusted Source may suffer from sleep problems.

The dried passionflower (or a tea bag) can be steeped in boiling water to make a tea.

The flavour of passionflower tea is moderate, with a green earthiness, and can be sweetened with flowery honey.

Passionflower Tea Recipe

1 tablespoon dried passionflower (about 2 grams) or 1 tea bag, 1 cup boiling water, and honey (optional)


For 6-8 minutes, steep dried passionflower in boiling water. Steep for 10-15 minutes to obtain a stronger tea with additional health benefits.

Strain or remove the tea bag from the water. Optional: Add a drizzle of honey for sweetness.

Dosage: For at least seven days, drink one cup of tea brewed with 1 tablespoon dried passionflower every night.

While passionflower has minimal adverse effects, it may produce tiredness or dizziness, impairing performance.

Pregnant people should avoid passionflower, and it may conflict with some drugs, therefore it’s always advisable to see a physician before ingestion.

How do you prune Passiflora Caerulea?

After blossoming, prune passion flowers to a healthy bud to maintain their appearance.

There is no reason to severely restrict them. If plants have become unruly and require retraining, prune them back in the spring.

If required, passion flowers growing in containers can be transferred to a frost-free location for the winter.

If grown in a greenhouse or conservatory, employ greenhouse shade to shield the plants from too direct sunlight.

In the spring, trim back any foliage that has been injured by cold winds.

Is Passiflora a Caerulea Evergreen?

Passiflora Caerulea, sometimes referred to as The Common Passion Flower, is a semi-evergreen climber with exquisite white blooms that are occasionally flushed pink and have a center purply-blue crown.

While it loves a well-drained soil, it will thrive in most soils with enough drainage.

Passion flower prefers soils that are somewhat rich, well-drained, but consistently wet. It thrives in a wide variety of soil types and is indifferent to acidity or alkalinity.

How do you propagate Passiflora Caerulea?

Along with growing passionflower from seed, the plant may be reproduced by softwood stem cuttings and tip layering (similar to air layering but performed in the ground).

When you wish to grow a new passionflower plant in another area of your yard or garden without waiting for seeds, softwood cuttings are utilized to propagate.

Layering is an excellent way for propagating passionflower in the garden without taking vine cuttings from the mother plant, and it only involves a small amount of messy work in late summer or early fall.

Here are two techniques for propagating passionflower.

To propagate through softwood cuttings

With a clean, sharp pair of pruners, cut a 4- to 6-inch stem below a node.

Strip off the leaves at the bottom of the cutting. Dip around an inch of the cutting’s bottom in rooting hormone.

Fill a tiny container halfway with well-draining potting soil and plant the cutting 1/2 to 1 inch deep.

Water the soil lightly and cover the pot with a plastic bag, covering it at the bottom and leaving a couple of small openings at the top to allow the plant to breathe. Allow no leaves to contact the bag’s sides.

Maintain a shaded location for the pot and keep it warm and wet. Gently pluck on the cutting after a few weeks to determine if it has roots. Transplant the cutting into its permanent site once it has been rooted.

To propagate by tip layering

You may plant the vine’s tip in the ground. Alternatively, you can propagate the vine by inserting a piece into the ground.

To do so, locate a few inches of vine beyond the tip where you may remove any leaves or lumps (leaves can cause bacterial problems if buried in the soil).

This smooth section of the stem will be pushed into the ground in order to proliferate.

Make a tiny depression in the dirt where the vine will grow. Incorporate the smooth section of the vine into the soil and then re-cover it with dirt.

If the vine continues to sprout, secure it with a light rock or a garden anchor pin to keep it in direct touch with the earth.

In the spring, tug on the vine to determine if it has established a strong root system. If you like, you may leave it in situ or dig it up and relocate it.

Is Passiflora Caerulea poisonous to dogs?

Passiflora is not poisonous to dogs, people, or other animals.

Consuming little amounts of this herb will not cause your dog to become unwell. However, some dogs have delicate digestive systems and may have stomach distress if they consume an excessive amount of passiflora vine.

Contact your veterinarian or a pet poison hotline if your dog becomes unwell after eating or chewing on a plant.

Although mild vomiting following consumption of a non-toxic plant is not dangerous, vomiting is an indication of poisoning and is frequently associated with drooling, diarrhoea, lethargy, pale gums, and an elevated heart rate.

While passiflora vine is not hazardous, it is possible for your dog to swallow toxic plants growing nearby.

Is Passiflora Caerulea self-fertile?

Passiflora Caerulea is not a self-fertile, but it flourishes with the assistance of a pollinator.

Passiflora Caerulea is pollinated by bees, but it also benefits from the assist of humming birds (which deposit pollen on the flowers), butterflies, and moths.

Passiflora Caerulea flowers are not self-fertile and require cross-pollination with other blue passionflower vines in close vicinity. Mammals and birds distribute seeds. Additionally, it spreads by cuttings.

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