What Is The Difference Between Camellia Japonica And Camellia Sasanqua?
What Is The Difference Between Camellia Japonica And Camellia Sasanqua?
Camellia Japonica and Camellia Sasanqua are both Camellias, although they have distinct characteristics. Most people associate Camellias with enormous flowers that bloom in the winter and early spring, but Sasanqua has tiny flowers that bloom in the fall.
The difference between Camellia Sasanqua and Camellia Japonica is quite simple. The Camellia Sasanqua originated in China, and its flowers are usually white with a red center. The Camellia Japonica originates from Japan and has blooms that can be whitish, pink, or red, although the shades of pink or red varieties are usually more dominant.
Another difference between Camellia Sasanqua and Camellia Japonica is the fact that female plants of Japonica will not produce seeds that can be crossbred with other varieties. The only way to reproduce the flowers of Japonica is through cuttings from a female plant.
There are very few hybrids between the two varieties, which makes them an ideal choice for people looking to grow a wide variety of flowers in their garden.
Another difference between Camellia Japonica and Camellia Sasanqua is that Sasanqua will produce much bigger flowers than those of Japonica. Depending on the garden or personal preference, this can ultimately be good or bad.
Also, it should be noted that Japonicas tend to bloom later than Sasanqua and are less cold-hardy. They enjoy a milder climate than their cousins from China. On the other hand, Japonicas often produce more flowers in one growing season than Sasanqua in two growing seasons.
The other difference between Camellias Sasanqua and Japonica is their Asian origin. Japonicas are native to Japan, China, and Korea, whereas Sasanqua is native to China. As a result of the different origins, Japonicas have a deeper green color and have fuller leaves than Sasanqua.
Camellia japonica is considered a hardier plant than Camellia Sasanqua. The flowers and petals of japonica are also significantly larger than those of Sasanqua.
Sasanqua is lauded for its fall flowers, but they can’t match the color or size of the Japonica. For example, Sasanqua flowers are white with a red center, while Japonicas can be red, pink, or white. Sasanqua flowers are also significantly smaller than japonica blooms.
Japonicas have thick petals and a full body that stands out in clusters when they bloom. Expert gardeners growing both varieties of Camellia recommend that japonica be planted in partial shade and has well-drained soil to grow at its best.
Is Camellia Japonica Fast-Growing?
Camellia Japonica is a slow-growing plant. Normally, they grow to between 20 and 25 feet high. But, they can be pruned to a small size. The flowers grow in clusters, which makes them showy no matter how tall the plant is. They are also cold and hardy, which makes them popular in many areas that get a lot of snow during the winter months.
They prefer partial shade and well-drained soil but can tolerate full sun if you choose to give them one or two hours of direct sunlight per day. When caring for a Camellia japonica, remember never to let it dry out and keep the soil moist but not wet.
Camellias are very hardy, but they do need to be cold-hardy. They like a mild climate between freezing and can tolerate temperatures as low as -20 degrees Fahrenheit. They should also be protected from frost and snow.
If you live in a highly rainy environment, you may need to mulch the Camellia japonica for protection during the cold winter months.
It is important to know whether your Camellia Japonica has been root-pruned before purchase or if it comes from branch cuttings planted in fall or springtime. The ideal soil temperature for your japonica is between 45 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
They need a lot of water and moderate sunlight, but be careful not to overwater them. The best time to water your japonicas is in the morning, so they have a chance to dry out during the day if there is mild weather.
A good test for watering is to stick your finger 2-3 inches into the soil; if it feels moist, you can stop watering. If the soil doesn’t feel moist, wait until you get that moisture back before watering again.
Is Camellia Japonica Easy To Grow?
Camellia Japonica is the easiest plant to grow. The plant likes fertile soil with good drainage and medium moisture levels. It grows best when thoroughly watered during each growing season and can tolerate periods of drought that last a few weeks at a time.
When growing Camellia Japonica, make sure to add plenty of organic matter, such as compost. Camellia japonica thrives in fertile soil with good drainage and medium moisture levels. To ensure your potting mix drains well, mix one part peat moss with two parts soil or compost.
You can also use the commercial mixture sold for camellias. If your plant becomes pot-bound move it into a larger container.
Using slow-release fertilizer in addition to large applications of compost will help keep your camellia healthy and growing vigorously.
When temperatures drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, bring your plant indoors for winter protection or give it some protection from cold winds outside. This plant is tolerant of a wide range of climates and can thrive in full sun or partial shade.
Camellia japonica does well in full sunlight, where it produces large, succulent leaves. However, you may want to provide partial shade when planted indoors in a container or hanging basket.
If your indoor container or hanging garden has no sun exposure (such as during the winter), you should provide at least some artificial light. For example, you can use grow lights to supplement sunlight and keep your plant growing year-round. When watering, use lukewarm water and mist the leaves with a spray bottle.
How Tall Does Camellia Japonica Grow?
Camellia japonica is a blooming tree or shrub that grows to a height of 1.5-6 meters (4.9-19.7 ft.) but can reach 11 meters (36 ft.) on rare occasions. Some developed versions grow to be 72 m2 or more. The youngest branches are purple-brown and mature to grayish brown.
The leathery leaves are alternately oriented and are dark green on top and lighter on the underside, measuring 5-11 centimeters (2.0-4.3 in) long by 2.5-6 centimeters (1.0-2.4 in) broad, with a stalk (petiole) of 5-10 millimeters (0.2-0.4 in) long. The leaf has a pointed base (cuneate), finely serrated edges (serrulate), and a moderately pointed tip.
A new branch forms at the end of the main stem. They are green. As they age, they turn gray or brownish gray in color and grow to an inch or so in diameter.
The new branches are green and tend to become reddish as they mature. They will also develop a scaly appearance on the underside of each leaf that is usually removed when it falls off.
As each leaf ages, it may fall off or become sung by hot summer sunlight. The leaves are marked with veins and have a pungent odor when crushed. Some plants have been observed to lose their leaves in the winter.
The Camellia japonica foliage is believed to attract aphids, whitefly, and spider mites. Prevention methods include using soap spray when spring blooming begins, spraying with neem oil in late summer and again in early fall, and using a systemic insecticide on young shrubs.
In autumn, a sweet fragrance is released when crushed. The cultivated form of Japonica flowers is white with a red center, while Japonica flowers can be reddish-pink to white.
The leaves turn from green to yellow and are typically much smaller than other types of camellias, about 4 cm long by 2.5 cm wide. The flowers are small and pale blue with a peach or white center, which causes them to be called peach-faced.
They have a long last bloom period of summer through fall (August through November). When flowering occurs in the spring, new leaves develop faster than older leaves. In their second year, the woody stems begin to form.
It is only found in China and Japan. The plant is extremely hardy and can withstand long periods of drought and freezing temperatures. Camellia japonica is a slow-growing shrub that can reach up to tall once mature. The shrub produces beautiful and fragrant white flowers from late spring through early fall.
Is There A Dwarf Camellia Japonica?
Camellia Japonica tends to grow up to 25 feet tall, so if you may have a smaller variety of Camellia Japonica known as ‘dwarf’ or ‘miniature’ Camellia Japonica. The main differences between the two types of Camellia Japonica are their size, root depth, and flower color.
Dwarf varieties will usually have smaller leaves than standard varieties, which can be up to 20% smaller in size. The compact stems can grow up to 10 feet with a radius of 5 inches. The flowers may also produce less pollen than standard varieties as well.
Dwarf varieties of Camellia Japonica are often more susceptible to dehydration and lack of nutrients during the growing season, as they tend to be smaller plants. The leaves on dwarf varieties may also appear a different color than standard varieties due to the plant’s smaller size, with new growth appearing a pink or reddish color.
The root depth of dwarf varieties tends to be greater than standard varieties, which means that they can better withstand wet soils than standard varieties and are thus more likely to grow in wet areas. Dwarf varieties also tend to flower more in autumn and during the winter months instead of springtime.