How Do You Propagate Mandevilla Splendens?
Mandevilla Splendens can be propagated with leaf cuttings or by seeds during the spring and summer. When the sap runs in spring, the leaf cuttings should be taken from healthy Mandevilla Splendens.
If you are taking leaf cuttings, make sure that you dip the end of each cutting into hormone rooting powder and then place it in the moistened rooting mix before sealing the container and placing it under bright lights.
Keep it moist until new growth appears. When rooting new plants from your older Mandevilla Splendens plants, use a knife to sever roots at the point where they meet a growing bud on the parent plant.
When propagating by seeds, make sure you pick healthy, mature seeds from your plants’ peak flowering season. Seeds can be planted in containers with a moist, soilless mixture and placed in a sunny location to germinate. The seeds should be planted after all danger of frost has passed and they have warmed up slightly.
Gently rinse the seeds in warm water before planting them into your soil mixture, and make sure that the soil is moist but not soggy. Excess moisture will cause damping off, which is a fungal disease that is difficult to combat.
Cover your Mandevilla Splendens plants in row cover (sometimes called plastic mulch), as it helps keep weeds down and protects your plants from cold damage if there are any freezes during the winter months. The following are the steps to follow when propagating Mandevilla Splendens:
Propagation by leaf cuttings;
- Take your cuttings from a Mandevilla Splendens plant with 4-6 flowers in mid to late summer.
- When the first leaf buds have appeared, take each cutting and dip the end of it into hormone rooting powder.
- Place the cuttings into a moist rooting mix, seal it up and place it under bright lights.
- After 6 to 8 weeks, you should see new growth appear at the base of your cutting. If this does not happen within 3 to 4 months after you’ve taken a cutting, cut off any dead leaves that are growing at the base of your cutting, leaving just 1 or 2 healthy leaves on each cutting.
- After 4 to 6 weeks, your new leafy Mandevilla Splendens plants should have roots. When rooting has taken place, move the cutting to a pot and keep it in an area with bright light for about 3 weeks before planting it into the soil.
- Give your new Mandevilla Splendens plants plenty of water and fertilizer during their first growing season.
Propagation by seeds;
- Pick one or two of the best-shaped mature Mandevilla Splendens seeds from your healthy plants’ peak flowering season.
- Place the seeds in a pot filled with a soilless mixture of peat, vermiculite, and perlite.
- Keep the soil moist and place it somewhere warm (but not hot).
- After 3 or 4 weeks, you should see new growth appear at the base of your seedlings. If this does not happen within 6 to 8 weeks, refrigerate the seeds for several days to break their dormancy.
- When new growth is apparent, you should be able to transplant your seedlings into containers filled with a highlight mix.
- Give your plants plenty of water and fertilizer during their first growing season.
- Keep the soil moist but not soggy.
- You can plant your seedlings into the ground, or a new container in late spring or early summer after all the danger of frost has passed.
- When the new Mandevilla Splendens plants have been through their first growing season, you can prune away all signs of pests and diseases to help them bloom better next season.
How Often Should I Water Mandevilla Splendens?
Mandevilla Splendens plants only need to be watered about once a week during the growing season unless it is very hot, and then they need more water. Because their leaves are wrapped with wax, the plants grow storage roots, store water, and use relatively little of it.
In really hot weather, though, water the Mandevilla Splendens regularly. Most blooming plants in pots are like wet but well-drained soil. If the soil becomes too dry, the blossoms may droop and die. With your finger, check the soil’s wetness.
It is time to water if the top 2-4″ (5-10cm) of soil is dry or plants are wilting. Mandevilla Splendens don’t like to be overwatered, nor do they like to be left way too long in between watering. The best way to tell if your Mandevilla Splendens are thirsty is by feeling the soil around their roots.
If it feels dry and has a powdery feel, then it’s time to water them. Check the soil every day, once or twice a week. If they are thirsty or wilt, you should water them immediately.
When watering your vines, make sure that the water is as warm as you can stand it. Succulent plants, like Mandevilla Splendens, should have room temperature water to avoid shocking their systems. However, you should also avoid watering your vines during the hottest part of the day since they do not like to get soaked and will be more susceptible to disease and rot.
It is helpful to use a soaker hose on your Mandevilla Splendens plants so that they receive an even supply of water throughout their container.
When their leaves are wilting and drooping in extremely hot weather, you should consider over-watering them by an inch (2.5cm) or two. Over-watering them by this amount only needs to happen a couple of times each summer.
If your plants are not getting enough water and you get worried about them wilting, you can place an inch or two of water in their container and allow the soil to soak it up. Keep an eye on them as they will wilt quickly if they need water.
How Much Sunlight Does Mandevilla Splendens Need?
Mandevilla Splendens prefer lots of light but will survive in partial shade. If they do not receive enough light, they will not flower as much, and the foliage might be a bit more leathery. Mandevilla Splendens plants like at least 6 hours of sunlight each day during the summer and dappled or filtered light year-round.
The sunlight should be filtered, so it does not wash over the leaves of your Mandevilla Splendens plants. You can use black plastic or cloche covers to help block out direct light from the sun. Mandevilla Splendens are very tolerant of shade and will grow for many years in a container with little or no direct sun.
They will still bloom if they have indirect sunlight and plenty of water, just at a slower rate. Direct sunlight will burn your plant and make it more susceptible to disease and rot while lessening its blooming potential.
If you have a big Mandevilla Splendens garden, you can use shade cloth or trees to limit the amount of sun your plants get. These vines are not fussy about the amount of sunlight they receive and can grow in full sun as well as partial shade.
In direct sunlight, the leaves of your Mandevilla Splendens plants will turn a bit yellow, but once they cool down, they will perk back up again. You can repot your plants into a bigger type of pot when they begin to outgrow their current container and continue to enjoy their blooms.
As with any other type of houseplants and vines, it is best to have your Mandevilla Splendens plants in a well-drained container that drains well and allows for good drainage.
When looking at your indoor plants’ leaves, ensure you do not see burn spots where the sun’s rays are hitting your plant too intensely.
How Do You Repot Mandevilla Splendens?
Mandevilla Splendens must be repotted every 1 to 2 years during the spring. This vine needs plenty of room to grow and can easily become rootbound by being put in too small of a pot. To avoid this problem, you will want to take the container out and wash it well with a hose.
You can also soak your pot in a disinfectant such as diluted bleach since fungus and mold often appear on these plants if they are not kept clean. Pour off the water until the plant material does not foam anymore, then fill your pot almost full with soil and replace the drainage hole.
The drainage hole is where roots tend to form and begin growing out of the container because there is not enough room in the pot. When repotting, move your plant around a bit in its pot to ensure that the roots fill all of the space. This ensures that there is not too much root disturbance and only as much root disturbance as needed.
If there is root disturbance, the plant may become root bound and unable to bloom or can develop soil-borne illnesses. The soil should be kept shallow so that the roots are not buried, but they should also be given plenty of water in their new pot.
If you have been trying to repot your Mandevilla Splendens for a while and then find out that you have lost them from all over the house, it means that you need to start over with a new container for them. Here are the steps to follow when repotting Mandevilla Splendens:
- Soak the plant material overnight so that it will be more pliable.
- Take any soil out of the pot that you can. Using your hands or a shovel to do this might be helpful.
- Wash the pot with a disinfectant and water, then soak it in water for at least 12 hours before repotting it again.
- Fill the new pot nearly full with soil and leave some room for watering the plant well after repotting it into its container again.
- Wipe away any excess soil from around the roots and place your Mandevilla Splendens into their new container without burying their roots in the potting soil
- Fill the container with more soil than it was originally filled with.
- Add any soil amendments to the mix, such as fertilizer and brown compost.
- Place your plant into its new container and repot it in this way every spring or two when you notice that the plant is beginning to ring or the roots are becoming root bound again.
- After repotting, water your plant well.
- Check the drainage hole in the container and replace it with a new one if needed; you can use a small pebble or something similar to keep the hole from getting plugged up.
- Pour water into the pot that drains into the drainage hole to moisten the soil until you no longer see any foam coming out of it.
- If your plant is not doing well after repotting, it is probably because it was not watered enough, even though something obvious seemed to be wrong with your Mandevilla Splendens when you repotted it.
- Always prune your Mandevilla Splendens during the summer once it is back in bloom, as this will promote new growth.
- Always inspect your Mandevilla Splendens often and check their condition to ensure that it is well and growing. If you notice any problems, contact a professional immediately before doing anything worse to it.