Is Maranta and Calathea the Same?

Is Maranta and Calathea the same?

The Marantaceae family has several species. Maranta and Calathea are two distinct genera within this family, and both are understory tropical plants.

Calathea Maranta is an 8-20″ shrub, while Maranta and Calathea are small to medium shrubs or trees that reach 7-10′ in height. Both Maranta and Calatheas are native to the Caribbean but can be found throughout the world in tropical areas.

The plants in this family have a variety of growth forms; however, all have red, orange, or yellow flowers. The flowers are usually on spikes (inflorescences) and consist of many male and female flowers. The leaves are spirally arranged and alternate.

The leaves have an opposite arrangement at the top of the plant. The stems are smooth or hairy, with or without rhizomes (underground stems).

What is the difference between Calathea and Maranta?

Maranta is real prayer plants since they exhibit Nyctinasty, a leaf folding reaction to twilight. This is the primary distinction between the two plants, as Calathea lacks this response. The Nyctinasty is only one distinguishing characteristic.

Another is the form of a leaf. The two genera within this family can be distinguished by several features:

  • The Maranta and Calathea genera both have dry, usually heart-shaped, succulent leaves. However, the Maranta genera have smooth leaf margins while the Calathea genus has teeth along the margin of each leaf.
  • The Maranta genera have stipules (leaf-like structures) at the base of the leaves while Calathea lacks stipules.
  • The Maranta genus typically has pendant inflorescence while Calathea has sessile inflorescences.
  • There are differences in the flowers, with Maranta having anthers that stick out beyond the petals, and Calathea having anthers fused to the petals (no awns are present).
  • Differences exist in seed shape. The Maranta genera have seeds with a long, slender shape. Calathea seeds are more spherical in shape.
  • The Nyctinasty response is not present in both genera.
  • In the Maranta genus, the leaves have a pointed end while in the Calathea genus they have rounded ends.

Is a Maranta plant a Calathea?

Maranta and Calatheas are both members of the Marantaceae family, making them closely related and often confused. Calatheas display the same folding-leaf action as Maranta; however officially, Maranta is the only genus bearing the popular name Prayer Plant.

Calathea Maranta, prayer plants, is noticeably different from Calathea plants. The Calathea genus is not thought to have the prayer plant response.

The Calathea and Maranta genera both have leaves that are usually heart-shaped. However, both genera also have various leaf shapes such as oblong, elliptical, ovate, lanceolate and triangular. The Maranta genus has leaves that are smooth along the edge or with a few small teeth near the tip. The Calathea genus has pointed teeth along the leaf margin.

The Calathea is a perennial plant that can grow from 6 to 20 inches tall and has numerous stems. The flowers are small and yellow and grow in spike inflorescences. In terms of the leaf shape, they are oval-round with smooth margins. The leaflets are arranged in a spiral on the stem. The fruit is a capsule and contains many seeds.

Is Maranta easier than Calathea?

Prayer plants (Maranta Leuconeura) are among the most graceful and meaningful plants discovered on the planet. These plants, which are native to the tropics, are easy to care for and have vivid green leaves and interesting adaptive characteristics.

Calathea Maranta, or prayer plant, is a colorful foliage plant that makes a good houseplant. It has smaller, broader leaves than the Calathea Crocata plant. The leaves of both plants have an attractive texture and make excellent conversation pieces.

This houseplant is easy to care for. It can tolerate low light, although it grows best in bright light. The Maranta Prayer Plant will survive with little water, but will grow faster if watered regularly.

The growing medium should be allowed to dry out between watering, and the plants should be watered deeply rather than often. This houseplant prefers temperatures that range between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

The Maranta Prayer Plant is poisonous if ingested, so keep it out of reach of children and pets. The prayer plant is best suited for display or in a dish that is difficult to get into, like a ceramic pot with holes in the bottom or a narrow vase with no drainage hole. It can be propagated by stem cutting or seed.

How can you tell Calathea from Maranta?

Maranta plants have predominantly oval leaves, but Calathea plants have a variety of leaf shapes – rounded, oval, and even lance-shaped, depending on the species.

Maranta’s culture is more resistant to cold than Calathea’s, which suffers when temperatures dip below 60 degrees F. Calathea Maranta, or prayer plants, are popular houseplants that are often known as princess plants.

These tropical plants have a rosette of glossy green leaves on an upright stem. Although the red and yellow flower spikes are attractive, the little flowers only last a few days.

Calathea plants tend to be more popular in temperate areas than Maranta due to Calathea’s greater cold tolerance. The plants come in a variety of leaf shapes; the triangular Calathea Crocata, for example, is commonly known as crocodile plant.

The red-edged leaves of Calathea Rubra are edged with a green stripe. Even the leaves of the evergreen species, such as Calathea Lancifolia and Calathea minor, appear two-toned due to the dark banding.

Maranta plants are grown from separated stems and often produce tubers while they are growing. The plants grow in a large number of varieties, with variegated varieties appearing in yellow, pink, or white. Calathea plants are also grown from stolonized cuttings.

Propagation can occur from seeds or by dividing the plant in spring or autumn. Calathea Marginata is a popular houseplant and is often grown from stem cuttings. The plants tend to be small and bushy with glossy green leaves that often have a red margin. The flowers are typical of the genus; small and yellow.

Is a Lemon Lime Maranta a Calathea?

In a floor planter or hanging basket, Maranta Lemon Lime looks wonderful. While this plant may be finicky about growing in some regions, once you grasp the plant’s requirements, you’re set to go. This plant is a member of the Marantaceae family, which also includes Marantas, Stromanthe, Calathea, and Ctenanthe.

All plants in this family have edible fruit; the fruit (usually a berry) is eaten by humans and animals alike. Lemon Lime Maranta is easy to care for in most regions, making it easy to grow as a houseplant or in a hanging basket.

The leaves of Lemon Lime Maranta are oval or lance-shaped and have an attractive lemon/lime color. Leaves are green in full sun and grow darker towards the center of the plant. The leaves usually have a citrus scent when crushed.

Flowers appear on a spike of stalks in spring and summer, but don’t be surprised if no flowers appear during your first year. This is normal for this type of flower. During the winter, cut off any dead leaves or stems to keep it looking attractive.

Maranta Lemon Lime (Maranta) grows best in full sunlight with a location that maintains warm temperatures year-round. This plant does not tolerate cold too well. Because of this, it is best to grow Maranta Lemon Lime in Hawaii, Florida or other warm areas of the country.

It can survive temperatures as low as 40 degrees F, but it “hibernates” during these times and no growth will occur.

Lemon Lime Maranta requires a moist soil that drains well and even watering throughout the year. Avoid letting the soil dry out completely between watering, though you should be careful not to overwater this plant, either.

If the soil is allowed to dry out, it will wilt and die. Maranta Lemon Lime can be pruned anytime during the season to maintain a healthy plant.

This plant is best propagated from cuttings in spring or fall. To do this, remove a 3-4″ section of stem from the base of the plant and cut off any damaged ends. Place each cutting into a rooting hormone solution for about 30 minutes before sticking it into soilless or slightly moist potting soil.

How do you care for a Calathea Maranta?

Marantas are lovely indoor plants that are grown for their bright, stunning foliage. The round, variegated leaves are beautifully patterned in a variety of colors and patterns that resemble the brushstrokes of an artist. Often, the undersides of the leaves have a dark crimson color. Marantas require special care to thrive.

Light

Your prayer plant should be hung or placed near a window that receives indirect sunlight. Never place your plant directly in the sun, as this may burn the leaves, causing them to develop blotches or spots and fading in color intensity.

Prayer plants, in general, are tolerant of low light conditions. When the plants become dormant (and sometimes fully die back) in the winter, supply them with intense light to maintain growth.

Soil

Prayer plants thrive in a wide variety of soil types as long as they are well-drained. Generally, a standard potting mix will enough, but you may create your own by blending two parts sphagnum peat moss, one part loamy soil, and one part perlite or coarse sand.

Additionally, the soil should have an acidic pH of 5.5 to 6.0. To increase drainage, fill the bottom of the pot with pebbles or gravel and ensure that the pot has adequate drainage holes.

Water

Water your prayer plant often during their growing season (whenever the top layer becomes dry) and never allow the potting soil to fully dry up. These plants are extremely drought tolerant and will perish quickly if left unwater.

To minimize fungal infections, avoid allowing water to rest directly on the leaves or allowing the plant to become damp. Inadequate irrigation or excessive watering might cause the leaves to turn yellow and fall off the plant. 2 Use water that is at least room temperature, if not slightly warmer, while watering your prayer plant.

Temperature

Prayer plants appreciate temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in a typical household. Prolonged cold weather can cause the leaves to wilt and fall off the plant.

Humidity

While prayer plants need a damp atmosphere, several kinds thrive in lower humidity levels. They demand a humidity level of 50% or above in their ideal environment, with more sensitive types requiring higher humidity levels—around 60%.

Additionally, prayer plants flourish in high humidity. To boost the available humidity for your plant, you may either install a tiny humidifier nearby or set the plant atop a tray packed with small stones and water. Additionally, you may often spritz the leaves with room temperature or slightly warm water.

Fertilizer

Fertilize your prayer plant every two weeks from early spring to late fall (once a month in winter), using a water-soluble houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength. If you fertilize insufficiently, your plant will develop slowly or not at all. However, too much fertilizer can burn the roots of the plant, causing the leaves to turn brown and eventually die.

Propagating

Propagating prayer plants is a very simple method of expanding your collection and utilizing larger mother plants. The most popular (and simplest) method of propagating prayer plants is through division during repotting.

Pruning

Prayer plants are fairly easy to prune. Prune away any dead, damaged or infected stems, leaves, rhizomes/tubers, and flowers. You may also cut off the growing tips of flowering stems to promote more branching and flowering.

Repotting

If you are not placing your plant on a permanent place, you may repot it after 1-2 years. Always use soilless potting mix, and remember to remove the drainage holes from the bottom of the pot. Do not mulch around the plant; this will prevent proper hydration of the soil. Any excess fertilizer may burn or burn through the roots, killing the entire plant in short order.

Why my Calathea Maranta is dying?

Maranta species are very sensitive. Maranta requires indirect light and proper watering to be healthy. If you have a Calathea Maranta that is not doing well, there are many causes for this.

Some of these things are over-watering, Underwatering, too much sun exposure and lack of sunlight, lack of water, dead roots and lack of nutrients in the soil. Because some of these things are very hard to detect, it is important to learn how to properly care for your Calathea Maranta.

As with all plants, you should always start by giving your plant the proper amount of sunlight. Calathea Maranta needs a good amount of sunlight but not too much. You should avoid placing your plant in a spot that gets direct sunlight all the time.

This will cause your Calathea Maranta to overheat and most likely die. If you live in a place where there is always direct sunlight, try moving your plant around until you find a good location where it will get some sun but not too much.

Calathea Marantas should be watered once the top of the soil feels dry. Different watering techniques should be applied. In the springtime, watering your plant every 3 days is ok. When it gets warmer outside you should water your plant every 2-4 days depending on how dry it feels.

You should try to water your plant before the soil is completely dry because if you wait too long this can cause the roots to rot and kill the plant.

If you do not know how much sunlight or water to give your Calathea Maranta, there are steps that you can take to determine what is wrong with your plant.

Similar Posts